본 연구는 파종시기와 질소시비 수준에 대한 옥수수의 광화학적 반응을 분석하여 광생리적 특성을 해석하였다. 1. 5월 22일 파종시 질소 함량이 증가함에 따라 생육후기까지 엽록소 형광량 또한 증가하여 질소 배량처리에서 광이용효율이 더 높은 것으로 확인되었다. 2. 생육초기의 형광량이 가장 높았으며, 이후 모든 처리구에서 엽록소 형광량이 50% 가량 감소하여 전자전달을 위한 광화학 반응이 크게 감소했음을 알 수 있었다. 3. 질소 반량구에서 활성화된 RC (RC/ABS)가 감소하며 13% 이상의 에너지가 손실되었으며, 결국 전자전달시 에너지 전환효율(PI, DF 등)이 감소해 광이용효율이 낮았다. 4. 배량 처리구는 생육후기로 갈수록 전자전달 효율(ET2o/CS) 및 단면당 활성화된 RC(RC/CS) 등 광이용 효율이 대조구 대비 크게 증가하여 광합성기구 사이의 전자전달이 잘 이루어지는 것으로 확인되었다.
The photochemical characteristics were analyzed in the context of sowing time and different levels of fertilized nitrogen during the maize (Zea mays L.) growth. When maize was early sawn, the fluorescence parameters related with electron-transport, in photosystem II (PSII) and PSI, were effectively enhanced with the higher level of fertilized nitrogen. Highest values were observed in maize leaves grown in double N-fertilized plot. The photochemical parameters were declined in the progress of growth stage. In early growth stage, the fluorescence parameters were highest, and then reduced to about half of the parameters related with electron transport on PSII and PSI at middle and late growth stages. In 1/2 N plot, the photochemical energy dissipation was measured to 13% in term of active reaction center per absorbed photon resulting in decrease in performance index and driving force of electron. This decrease induced to lower the photochemical effectiveness. In 2 N plots, the electron transport flux from $Q_A$ to $Q_B$ per cross section and the number of active PSII RCs per cross section were considerably enhanced. It was clearly indicated that the connectivity between photosynthetic PSII and PSI, i.e. electron transport, was far effective.
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