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일 지역사회 여성노인의 심리적 욕구와 건강증진행위

The Relationship between Psychological Needs and Health Promoting Behavior in Community-dwelling Older Women

Abstract

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the factors that affect the health promoting behavior targeted older women. Methods: Subjects were 181 women older than 60 years who agreed to participate and understand the purpose of the study. A trained investigator collected data using structured questionnaires regarding general characteristics, health-related characteristics, competence, relatedness, and health promoting behavior. The collected data were analyzed using SPSS WIN 18.0 program by descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, and stepwise multiple regression. Results: The mean age of subjects was 74.7 years old. Factors showing significant associations with health promoting behavior were age, educational level, family type, economic status, current health status, competence, and relatedness. Stepwise regression analysis identified that age, current health status, competence, and relatedness were factors affecting on health promoting behavior. Conclusion: This study shows that competence and relatedness are influencing factors on health promoting behavior in older women. Therefore, it is important to emphasize competence and relatedness for developing a health promoting program.

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