주식 투자는 요즘 가장 대중적인 투자 중 하나이며, 주식시장에서 투자자들의 궁극적 목적은 이익극대화 및 손실최소화이며, 이를 달성하기 위해서 투자정보를 바탕으로 선택하게 된다. 또한 투자자는 위험에 대한 태도에 따라 투자성향에 영향을 받는다. 이러한 배경을 중심으로 본 연구는 개인투자자들의 투자성향과 투자정보탐색을 조사함으로서 투자자의 투자만족도에 미치는 영향력을 조명해보고자 한다. 또한 투자심리의 매개효과를 검증하고자 한다. 본 연구의 대상은 증권거래 경험이 있는 투자자이며, 설문 조사는 온라인으로 실시되었으며, 설문조사는 2016년 12월 1일~12월 30일까지 30일간 실시하였으며, 총 330부를 분석 자료로 이용하였다. 분석방법은 SPSS 21.0을 사용하여 기초통계, 신뢰도, 회귀분석을 수행하였다. 분석결과는 다음과 같다. 투자성향 중에서 수익추구성향, 분석추구성향, 투자추구성향이 투자성과에 영향을 미쳤다. 반면, 증권사 정보, 인적정보, 기업회계 정보는 투자성과에 유의미한 영향을 미쳤다. 마지막으로 자기과신 투자심리의 매개역할을 확인하였다.
Stock investment becomes one of the most popular investments in these days, and the ultimate goal of investors in the stock market is to maximize profits and minimize losses, in order to achieve this, investors will select based on investment information. namely, the information about the company which we interest is essential to stock investors. Also, investors are affected by their propensity to invest according to their attitude toward risk. With these situations, this research tried to show the private investors' actual performance of Investment by studying individual investors' propensity and Information explore. The purpose of this study is to analyze the effect of investors' propensity and information search on investment satisfaction. The questionary method required some sample surveys. The data of the practical analysis was carried out with the on-line researching method. The researching time was from the 1st of Dec. 2016 to the 15th of Dec. 2016. Of the 357 questionnaires submitted, 7 were deemed inappropriate or incomplete; thus, 350 questionnaires were used in the final analysis of the study. For analysis methodology, this research is using SPSS 21.0 along with analytic techniques, such as implementation of basic statistical analysis, reliability, and regression analysis. The practical analysis results are as follows; Among the investment propensities, profit propensity, analytical propensity, and investment propensity has a significant effect on investment performance. On the other hand, brokerage firm information, firm accounting information, private information has a statistically significant effect on investment performance. Finally, we confirmed the mediating role of investment sentiment.
손실을 견디기 위한 개인적 능력, 투자의 필요성을 충족하는데 요구되는 위험의 양 그리고 개인이 감정적으로 견디어 낼 수 있는 위험의 총량
Grable & Rabbanir(2014)는 투자성향을 재무적 손실을 견디어 낼 수 있는 개인의 능력이라고 하였으며, Louw(2015)는 사람들이 자신의 투자성향을 결정하기 위해서는 손실을 견디기 위한 개인적 능력, 투자의 필요성을 충족하는데 요구되는 위험의 양 그리고 개인이 감정적으로 견디어 낼 수 있는 위험의 총량을 고려해야 한다고 하였다. 주소현(2009)은 개인투자자가 투자시 기꺼이 감당하고자 하는 손실의 크기를 투자성향으로 정의하였으며, 개인 투자자의 투자행동에 직접적인 영향을 미치는 변수라고 하였다.
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