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성격특성이 통원 재활치료를 받는 뇌졸중 환자들의 우울과 삶의 질에 미치는 영향

Influences of Personality Traits on Depression and Quality of Life in Stroke Outpatients Receiving Rehabilitation Therapy

Abstract

Purpose : The aim of this study was to investigate the influences of personality traits on depression and quality of life of stroke outpatients receiving rehabilitation therapy. Methods : The current study included 52 outpatients who received occupational therapy in a rehabilitative and general hospital located in Incheon. Their personality traits were assessed using the Big Five Inventory-Korean Version (BFI-K), and depression was measured using the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI). Quality of life was evaluated using the Stroke Specific Quality of Life (SS-QOL) scale. The collected data were analyzed to identify the effects of personality traits on depression and quality of life using a multiple regression analysis. Result : Neuroticism and depression were significantly correlated (p<.05), and neuroticism and agreeableness were significantly correlated with quality of life (p<.05). Additionally, depression and quality of life were significantly correlated (p<.05). Neuroticism affected depression significantly ($R^2=.503$, p<.05). Among the five personality traits, neuroticism, agreeableness, and extraversion had a significant effect on quality of life ($R^2=.474$, p<.05). Conclusion : These findings suggest that personality traits need to be considered in order to improve the quality of life of stroke patients.

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