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한국 근력저하 여성노인의 건강 관련 삶의 질 영향 요인: 제 7기 국민건강영양조사 자료를 활용한 융복합 연구

Factors Influencing Health related Quality of Life in Older Women with Low Muscle Strength in Korea: The Convergence Study Using 7th KNHANES

초록

본 연구는 근력저하 여성노인의 건강 관련 삶의 질의 영향 요인을 파악하기 위해 시도된 융복합 연구이다. 제7기 국민건강영양조사 원시자료를 활용하여 65세 이상 근력저하 여성노인 453명을 대상으로 하였고, 자료는 가중치를 적용한 복합표본분석방법으로 SPSS 26.0 프로그램을 이용하여 분석하였다. 연구 결과, 근력저하 여성노인의 건강 관련 삶의 질은 0.84점이었고, 건강 관련 삶의 질은 연령, 교육수준, 주관적 건강상태, 유산소 신체활동, 스트레스 인지정도, 관절염, 골다공증, 우울증에 따라 유의한 차이가 있었다. 근력저하 여성노인의 건강 관련 삶의 질에 대한 영향 요인은 연령(t=-2.68, p=.008), 교육수준(t=2.85, p=.005), 주관적 건강상태(t=7.24, p<.001), 스트레스 인지정도(t=-2.73, p=.007), 유산소 신체활동(t=2.62, p=.009), 관절염(t=-3.33, p<.001)이었고, 설명력은 33.5%이었다. 연구결과를 바탕으로 근력저하 여성노인의 건강 관련 삶의 질을 향상시키기 위하여 근력을 증진하고 관절염을 관리할 수 있는 신체활동을 포함한 중재 전략의 개발이 필요하다.

Abstract

This study was investigated to identify the factors influencing health related quality of life in older women with low muscle strength in Korea. The study design was a cross sectional study based on 7th Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey data and the data were analyzed using the SPSS 26.0 program. The level of Health related Quality of Life(HRQoL) in older women with low muscle strength was 0.84. There were significant differences on HRQoL according to age, education level, perceived health, aerobic exercise, perceived stress, arthritis, osteoporosis and depression. The risk factors of HRQoL in older women with low muscle strength were age, education level, perceived health, perceived stress, aerobic exercise and arthritis. Based on this results to improve HRQoL, physical activity intervention should be developed to improve muscle strength and to manage arthritis in older women.

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