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신체활동 수준이 암 생존자의 건강 관련 삶의 질에 미치는 영향: 2014-2018년 국민건강영양조사 자료 활용 연구

Influence of Physical Activity Level on the Health-related Quality of Life of Cancer Survivors: Based on the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey for 2014-2018


Purpose: This study investigated the associations between physical activities (PAs) and the health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and perceived health status (PHS) of cancer survivors. We further examined the interaction effects of PAs and covariates on HRQOL and PHS. Methods: Data sets were obtained from the 2014-2018 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. The subjects were 1,349 cancer survivors aged over 18 years old. Data were analyzed using R 4.0.3 and SPSS 18.0. Logistic regression analysis was conducted considering only the main terms, or including additional interaction terms between PAs and covariates. Results: Moderate and high PAs showed significantly improved HRQOL related to self-care domain, euro quality of life-5 dimension index, and PHS. Interaction analysis revealed that high PAs resulted in improved HRQOL associated with self-care and pain/discomfort in cancer survivors having depression. Moreover, for low- and middle-income levels, higher PAs served to improve HRQOL associated with depression/anxiety. In contrast, higher PAs rather reduced HRQOL for the high-income group. Conclusions: To improve HRQOL, we recommend PAs higher than the moderate level for cancer survivors. In case of cancer survivors having depression or belonging to the high-income group, it is necessary to manage individual PAs considering the interaction effects.

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