The purpose of this study was to survey the various kinds of cooked beef products focusing on Sukyuk (boiled beef) and Pyunyuk (boiled beef slice) recorded on the historical literatures written from 1670 to 1945. Sukyuk and Pyunyuk were recorded 45 times in the references and could be classified into 11 groups based on major ingredients such as fresh meat, tough meat, rotten meat, tail, head, lung, cup of breast, testicles, pancreas, spleen and tung. Twenty two cooking methods were described on the records. Sukyuk and Pyunyuk based on fresh meat were described the most frequently. Pyunyuk based on head was described late in 18th centuries, but its recipe could not be found in any records and that of internal organs and tung were presented late in 18th centuries and early in 19th centuries, respectively. The major ingredients of Sukyuk and Pyunyuk were lean meat, tail, head, lung, cup of breast, testicles, pancreas, spleen and tongue Mulberry seed, fragment of roof tile and other sub-ingredients were used for softening or deodorizing the off flavor of the products.
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