연구목적 : 본 연구의 목적은 스트레스인자지각 척도인 Global Assessment of Recent Stress(GARS) Scale의 한국판의 타당도와 신뢰도를 평가하고자 하는데 있다. 방법 : 이 척도에 대한 요인분석은 스트레스인자 8문항에 대한 maximum-likelihood factor analysis후 사각회전(oblique rotation)을 시행하였다. 이 자료들을 요인분석한 결과 1개의 하위요인만이 추출되었다. 상기 척도의 신뢰도는 정상인 69명에게 2주 간격으로 검사-재검사를 시행, 분석한 결과 두 기간간의 8개 스트레스인자 점수의 상관계수가 .85~.95로 모두 유의한 상관성을 보였다. 한편 내적 일치도는 전체적인 스트레스접수를 제외한 7개 문항의 내적 일치도를 산출한 결과 Cronbach's
Objectives : The purpose of this study was to determine the validity and reliablity of the Korean version of the Global Assessment of Recent Stress(GARS) Scale developed for assessing the severity of current perceived stressors, and then to use the scale in clinical practice. Methods : The questionnaire was completed by 215 healthy subjects. A comparison was made regarding the perception of stressors among 242 patients(71 with anxiety disorder, 73 with depressive disorder, 47 with somatoform disorder, and 51 with psychosomatic disorder) and 215 healthy subjects. Factor analysis was done using oblique rotation after maximum-likelihood factor analysis. Results : Factor analysis yielded 1 subscale. Reliability was computed by administering the GARS Scale to 69 healthy subjects during a 2-week interval. Test-retest reliability for 8 items and the total score was significantly high, ranging between 0.85-.95. Internal consistency was significant(Cronbach's a for 7 items : .86). Convergent validity was computed by correlating the 8 items and the total score with the total score of the stress response inventory(SRI), the perceived stress questionnaire(PSQ), and the somatization, anxiety, depression, hostility subscales and general indices of the symptom checklist-90-revised(SCL-90-R). The correlations were all at significant levels. Discriminant validity was computed by comparing the 8 item scores of the patient and control groups. Significant differences were found in area relevant to sickness or illness and the overill global area. The patients with anxiety disorder were significantly higher in area relevant to sickness or illness than the healthy group, whereas the patients with depressive disorder was significantly higher in the overall global score than healthy group. The depressive disorder group was the highest in overall global score of the GARS scale among 4 patient groups, and showed a significant higher scores in interpersonal relationship and overall global area than the psychosomatic disorder group. Conclusions : These results indicate that the Korean version of the GARS scale is highly reliable and valid, and that it can be utilized as an effective measure of perceived stressors for research in stress-related fields. It is suggested that depressive disorder patients are more likely to perceive recent stressors than psychosomatic disorder patients.
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