본 실험은 청수, 반탁수, 탁수에 따른 탁도처리와 관수시간에 따른 광합성, 엽록소형광, 증산량 및 회복능을 분석하여 관수스트레스에 대한 벼의 생리반응을 구명하고자 실시한 결과는 다음과 같다. 1. 광합성은 탁도가 높고, 관수 시간이 경과할수록 감소하였다. 특히 관수 36시간 전까지는 약 25%, 42시간이후에는 약 50%가 감소하였다. 증산량은 탁도 및 관수시간이 증가함에 따라 증가하였으며, 청수에서는 약 30%, 반탁수에서는 약 25%, 탁수에서는 약 20%가 증가하였다. Fv/Fm은 탁도 및 관수시간 증가에 따라 감소하였으며, 청수에서는 48시간이후에, 반탁수 및 탁수에서는 36시간이후 약 20%가 감소하였다. 전질소함량은 관수스트레스에 의해 감소하였고, 탁수처리 36시간이후부터 감소량이 켰다. 2. 관수스트레스에 따른 회복력을 나타내는 건물중은 탁도 리별 차이는 작았으나, 관수시간이 경과할수록 크게 감소하였다. 피해정도는 24시간안에는 약 25%, 42시간이후에는 각 처리구 모두에서 약 50%의 생장감소가 일어났다. 관수 48시간의 반탁수 및 탁수는 고사하였다. 광합성은 탁도에 따라서는 청수에서 약 15%, 반탁수, 탁수에서는 10%가 감소하였고, 특히 42시간이후에는 30-50% 감소하였다. 증산량은 탁도 및 관수시간에 처리간의 차이 없이 약 20%증가하였다. 3. 관수 24시간처리에서 관수처리 시 및 퇴수 후 회복기간에도 광합성과 증산량의 일시적인 감소가 일어났다
Physiological responses of rice to the flooding time of different water turbidity (clear water, sub-muddy water, muddy water) were analyzed as photosynthesis, chlorophyll fluorescence, transpiration, and physiological recovery. Photosynthetic rate was higher as turbidity increased and decreased as flooding time was extended. Floodings of 36 hrs and 42 hrs were resulted in 25% and 50% decrease of photosynthetic rate, respectively. Transpiration rate was higher in high turbidity (increased 30%, 25%, and 20% in clear, sub-muddy, and muddy water, respectively) and in increased floodings. Fv/Fm decreased as increased turbidity and flooding time. About 20% decrease of Fv/Fm was recorded in 48 hrs and 36 hrs after flooding with clear water and sub-muddy water(including muddy water), respectively. Total nitrogen was decreased with flooding treatment. Significant decrease of total nitrogen was occurred 36 hrs after flooding with muddy water, Dry weight measured 2 weeks after flooding treatment as an indication of recovery of flooding stress didn't show significant difference with turbidity, but significantly decreased as flooding time was prolonged. About 25% and 50% decreases were found in 24 hrs and 42 hrs flooding time, respectively. furthermore, 48 hrs of flooding with sub-muddy and muddy water resulted in no physiological recovery. Photosynthetic rate was decreased 15% and 10% with clear water and muddy water(including sub-muddy water), respectively. The rate was dramatically decreased 42 hrs after flooding. Transpiration rate increased about 20% regardless of turbidity and flooding time. We found transitory decrease of photosynthetic and transpiration rate at the point of 24 hrs after flooding and right after do-flooding.
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