No one doubts that textile and apparel industries have contributed to economic miracles of the export-led growth in Korea. However, by the turning of 1990′s, these sectors have encountered many problems such as decreasing of domestic production and exports mainly due to wage rise and shortage. Therefore, foreign direct investment to the low labor cost countries has been enlarged for a way of improving its competitiveness and increasing exports. However, no intensive study has been made exploring current investments and future directions. This study focuses Vietnam as one of the promising overseas investment countries. The purposes of this study are to analyze current investment status of Korean textiles and apparel firms in Vietnam, to explore merits and problems Vietnam has, and to present useful implications and strategies for Korean textiles and apparel companies. Analysis of current secondary data suggests that Korean apparel industry, rather than textiles industry, have invested more in Vietnam, mostly in southern Ho Chi Minh City. Investments of Korean apparel and textile firms have shown steady increase from 1990 but have turned to a decrease from 1995. Findings suggested that Vietnam has merits for attracting foreign investment since it provides relatively cheap labor and outstanding skillful hands suitable for apparel and textiles industries. In addition, because of EU quota increase and the trade agreement between Vietnam and USA it is likely for firms in Vietnam to increase exports to EU and USA Rapid expansion of domestic apparel market and "Korean trend (Han Rue)" in Vietnam resulted from successful star marketing of Korean firms are another merits Vietnam has to the Korean fm. However, regulations of central government, low efficiency of bureaucratic and stiff administrative process, difficulty of making decision in case of joint venture, lack of social overhead capital, high factory construction costs, weak construction condition, and the excessive competition among investment enterprises have found to be problems. Based on pros and cons of investment to Vietnam, marketing strategies, practical implications and future directions were suggested.
2003. "A Comparative Analysis of Fashion Marketing Education between Korea and Japan" 한국의류학회지 = Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, 27(6): 725~734
2003. "South Korea as a Global Sourcing Site for Textile and Apparel Produce" 한국의류학회지 = Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, 27(7): 819~830
2004. "Entry to Chinese Market for Korean Fashion Brands： Current Situations and Suggestions of Marketing Strategies" 한국의류학회지 = Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, 28(2): 212~223
Ko Eunju 2005. "Suggestions for Brand Marketing Strategies through Market Opportunity Analysis of Traditional Fashion Products" 한국의류학회지 = Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, 29(5): 692~702
Baek, Young-Ha ; Park, Jae-Ok 2007. "International Competitiveness and Export Features for Korea's Clothing Industry" 한국의류학회지 = Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, 31(9): 1442~1452
Kim, Yong-Ju ; Yu, Hae-Kyung ; Kim, Hyun-Sook 2010. "A Study on Foreign Entry in Korean Textiles and Fashion Industries" 한국의류학회지 = Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, 34(9): 1546~1557