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논문 상세정보

인공수정에 의한 Urechis unicinctus 난자의 난할형식

Cleavage Pattern of Urechis unicinctus Eggs in Vitro Fertilization

초록

본 연구에서는 등황란인 U. unicinctus 수정란의 난할과정과 형식에 대하여 관찰된 바를 보고하였다. U unicinctus성숙란을 인공수정했을 때 난할은 핵 개방(germinal vesicle breakdown)과 제1, 2감수분열 후에 수행되었으며, 유생기 까지 난할은 등할(equal cleavage), 전할(holoblastic cleavage)이었고 난할형식은 나선형 난할(spiral cleavage)인 것으로 관찰되었다. 최초 3회의 난할이 경할$\rightarrow$경할$\rightarrow$수평할이었고, 이후 경할-수평할이 반복되는 것으로 보였다. 4세포기에 할구의 배열에서 일부 할구들이 동물극으로 융기한 것과 8세포기에서 식물극 할구 배열이 동물극 할구 배열에 대하여 사선 배열한 것 등은 나선형 난할에서만 볼 수 있는 특징이었으나 제 3차 난할인 수평할에서 등할, 전할인 것이 관찰되므로서 나선형 난할을 수행하는 Spiralian의 전형에 속하지는 않는 것으로 보였다. 4세포기 이후의 할구 배열이 사선배열, 즉 나선형인 근거를 항-$\alpha$-,-$\beta$-튜블린 처리에 의해 관찰된 유사분열 기구의 행위로서 볼 수 있었다. 4$\rightarrow$8세포기의 유사분열 기구는 동물극-식물극 축에 수직으로 발생하고 사선방향으로 선회한 후 난할하므로서 결과에서 수평할 및 할구의 사선배열이 가능한 것을 볼 수 있었다.

Abstract

When U. unicinctus mature oocytes were fertilized in vitro, germinal vesicle breakdown (GVBD) and meioses occurred and the zygotes entered cleavage stage. A modified pattern of spiral cleavages, suggestively based on behavior of mitotic spindles, have been observed in this work. The first and second cleavages were meridional and the third was equatorial, and then followed by repetitions of meridional-equatorial cleavage. The cleavage of the isolecithal egg were equal and holoblastic and its patterns were spiral. The anti-${\alpha}-,-{\beta}$- tubulin reactions and confocal microscopy revealed mitotic apparates tilted obliquely at each mitosis causing oblique displacements of the blastomeres. Despite isolecithal distribution of yolk, this observations implicated that tilting of mitotic apparates induced spiral cleavage and the displacements of blastomeres. However, these features would not be the typical spiral cleavage, but represented a modified pattern of known Spiralian s in the sense of the equal cleavage. During the first cleavage, heart-shaped eggs have been produced. Electron microscopies exhibited the first cleavage furrow extended with its membranous structure deeply into the cytoplasm. Contractile ring has not been observed.

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