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이원방조제 주변의 조간대 및 조하대 대형저서동물의 군집과 환경요인과의 관계

Effect of Environmental Variables on the Inter- and Subtidal Macrobenthic Communities in the Iwon Dike Area


Spatial patterns in the macrobenthic community structure in the inter- and subtidal zones in front of the Iwon Dike and environmental variables were examined in August 2001, In total, 156 macrobenthic species(123 intertidal species and 90 subtidal species) were recorded during this study, predominately polychaetes $(40{\%})$, bivalves $(22{\%})$, and crustaceans $(22{\%})$. Polychaetes made up less than $40{\%}$ of the intertidal communitr, but more than $50{\%}$ of the subtidal community. The mean density during this study was $1,456ind./m^{2}.$ Multivariate analysis (multidimensional scaling) revealed significant differences in community structure among four regions: near the Iwon dike (B1), the high and middle intertidal zone (B2), low intertidal zone (Al), and subtidal zone (A2). The number of species, total density, and diversity (H') varied significantly among the four regions. The distribution of macrobenthic community was affected by environmental variables, such as ${\%}$ silt/clay content, total sulfide, lose of ignition, and chemical oxygen demand. These environmental variables were negatively correlated with the dominant species (Nephtys polybranchia, Umbonium thomasi, and Scoloplos armiger) in the intertidal area, but positively correlated with the dominant species (Lumbrineris cruzensis, Notomastus latericeus, and Moerella sp.) in the subtidal area. Environmental variables $({\%}\;silt/clay content and total sulfide)$ were positively correlated with the dominant species (Heteromastus filiformis) in region Bl, but negatively correlated with the dominant species (Umbonium thomasi and Scoloplos koreanus) in region B2. Amphipods Urothoe spp. and Monoculodes koreanus were the dominant species in region Al. Umbonium thomasi, the dominant species in region B2, was not found in regions Bl or Al. We suggest that the inter-specific competition for territory and exposure to seawater may be important factors controlling the macrobenthic community structure in the inter- and subtidal zones in front of the Iwon Dike.

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이 논문을 인용한 문헌 (5)

  1. Yu Ok-Hwan ; Lee Hyung-Gon ; Lee Jae-Hac 2006. "The Intertidal Macrobenthic Community along an Artificial Structure" 한국수산학회지 = Journal of the Korean Fisheries Society, 39(suppl1): 132~141 
  2. Yoon, Sang-Pil ; Jung, Rae-Hong ; Kim, Youn-Jung ; Kim, Seong-Gil ; Choi, Min-Kyu ; Lee, Won-Chan ; Oh, Hyun-Taik ; Hong, Sok-Jin 2009. "Macrobenthic Community Structure Along the Environmental Gradients of Ulsan Bay, Korea" 바다 : 한국해양학회지, 14(2): 102~117 
  3. Seo, In-Soo ; Choi, Byoung-Mi ; Yun, Jae-Seong ; Kim, Dae-Ik ; Lee, Jong-Uk ; Hwang, Choul-Hee ; Kang, Yang-Soon ; Kang, Young-Shil ; Son, Min-Ho 2010. "Community Structure of Macrobenthic Invertebrates during Spring and Autumn around Ui Island, Sinan-gun, Jeollanam-do" 환경생물 = Korean journal of environmental biology, 28(3): 133~142 
  4. Jung, Yun-Hwan ; Yoon, Kon-Tak ; Park, Heung-Sik ; Ma, Chae-Woo 2013. "Spatial Distribution and Community Structure of Macrobenthos on the Sandy Shore of Anmyeondo, Korea" Ocean and polar research, 35(1): 27~37 
  5. Hwang, Dong-Woon ; Lee, In-Seok ; Choi, Minkyu ; Choi, Hee-Gu 2014. "Distributions of Organic Matter and Trace Metals in Sediment around a Tidal-flat Oyster Crassostrea gigas Farming Area on the Taean Peninsula, Korea" 한국수산과학회지 = Korean journal of fisheries and aquatic sciences, 47(6): 1014~1025 


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