카드뮴과 크롬으로 오염된 토양에 EDTA 와 붕산 혼합용출제를 주입하는 토양수세법(Soil flushing)을 적용 시 최적운전조건을 결정하기 위해서 여러 가지 반응조건에서 카드뮴과 크롬의 제거효율을 측정하였다. 카드뮴의 제거효율은 EDTA 농도가 0.001M에서 0.1M로 증가하면서 $73.2\%$에서 $98.5\%$로 $25.3\%$증가하였으며, 크롬의 제거효율은 붕산의 농도가 0.001M에서 0.1M로 증가하면서 $59.2\%$에서 $100\%$로 $40.8\%$가 증가하였다. 서로 다른 특성을 갖고 있는 카드뮴과 크롬 오염토양에 pH가 3,5,7로 조정된 0.005M EDTA 와 0.005M 붕산 혼합용출제를 주입하여 제거효율을 측정한 결과 카드뮴의 제거효율은 pH가 3에서 7로 증가함에 따라 $92.4\%$에서 $80.9\%$로 감소하였으며, 크롬의 제거효율은 pH 5에서 $70.4\%$로 가장 높았다. pH 5에서 EDTA&붕산 혼합용출제의 농도비를 변화시키면서 카드뮴의 제거효율을 측정한 결과 [EDTA]:[붕산]=0.01M:0.1M에서 가장 효율적이며, 크롬의 제거효율은 [붕산] 주입농도가 0.1M이상일 때 가장 효율적인 것으로 조사되었다. 광산지역과 산업지역에서 채취한 실제오염토양에 적용한 실험에서도 비슷한 결과를 얻었다.
To investigate the optimal operation factors in appling Soil Flushing Process, which use EDTA and boric acid composite as a flushing reagent, to the Cd(cadmium) and Cr(chromium) contaminated sites, Cd and Cr emediation rate was investigated at various experimental conditions; as EDTA concentration was increased from 0.001M to 0.1M, Cd remediation rate was increased from $73.2\%\;to\;98.5\%$; as boric acid concentration was increased from 0.001M to 0.1M, Cr remediation rate was increased from $59.2\%\;to\;99.0\%$. In the experiments using 0.005M of EDTA and 0.005M of boric acid composite as a flushing reagent at different pH regimes, Cd remediation rate was decreased from $92.4\%\;to;80.9\%$ as the pH was increased from 3 to 7. But Cr remediation rate was more effective ($70.4\%$) at pH 5 compared to the other pHs. Furthermore, at pH 5, Cd and Cr remediation rate was investigated at different molecular ratio of [EDTA]/[Boric aicd]; the optimized [EDTA]/[Boric acid] ratio was 0.01M/0.1M for Cd contaminated site and, as the concentration of boric acid was increased over 0.1M, Cr remediation rate was also increased. So the similar results were shown in the experiments using real contaminated soils which were sampled from a mining and a industrial area.
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Lee, Hong-Kyun ; Kim, Dong-Hyun ; Jo, Young-Hoon ; Do, Si-Hyun ; Lee, Jong-Yeol ; Kong, Sung-Ho 2009. "Improving Soil Washing/flushing Process using a Mixture of Organic/inorganic Extractant for Remediation of Cadmium (Cd) and Copper (Cu) Contaminated Soil" 지하수토양환경 = Journal of soil and groundwater environment, 14(2): 17~25