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논문 상세정보

무기질 불균형: 골 탈석회화와 연조직 석회화

Mineral Imbalance: Bone Decalcification and Soft Tissue Calcification

초록

여러 단백질과 다양한 무기질(칼슘 등)을 함유한 단단한 기관인 골은 정상적으로 다른 연조직 세포로 무기질을 공급하는 역할을 수행하지만, 비타민 결핍, 노화, 폐경기 및 대사성 질환 등으로 인해서 골다공증이 유발되고 동시에 다양한 연조직(심장, 대동맥, 신장, 허파, 췌장 등)의 석회화가 빈번히 유도된다. 같은 중간엽 줄기세포로부터 유래되는 연조직을 구성하는 세포와 조골세포 사이에서는 상호 횡간의 분화가 될 수 있는 여지가 있어, 연조직 세포는 칼슘 축적으로 골을 형성하는 조골세포와 유사한 세포로 분화될 수 있다. 연조직을 이루는 다양한 연조직 장기의 칼슘 축적으로 인한 석회화는 치명적인 장기손상으로 생명을 위협할 수 있으므로 적극적인 예방과 치료가 중요할 것이다. 골다공증과 연조직 석회화는 상호 밀접한 연계성이 있어 한 가지의 질병이 진행되면 다른 질병이 연속적으로 발병할 우려가 있으므로 초기 질병에 대한 적극적인 치료가 필요하다. 향후 초고속고령화 사회 진입으로 이의 두 질환의 급격한 증가가 예상되므로, vitamin K와 D를 비롯한 다양한 무기질을 균형적으로 조절할 수 있는 식습관과 다량의 항산화제를 함유한 음식물 섭취로 이의 질환을 예방할 수 있을 것이다.

Abstract

Based on the soft and rigid extents, tissues are mainly divided into two groups in mammals, soft tissues including heart, lung, kidney and brain, and hard tissues including tendon, cartilage, teeth and bone. Among various tissues, bone, a dynamic rigid organ, is continuously remodeled by the opposing functional activity between bone formation by osteoblasts and bone destruction by osteoclasts. Bone protects the soft tissues and provides mineral reservoirs, which can supply the mineral needs of other soft tissues to normally maintain cellular function. While calcification in bone is an important action to fundamentally support the body and protect the soft tissues, calcification in soft tissues, including the heart, aorta, kidney, lung and spleen, results in severe organ damages, eventually causing sudden death. A growing body of evidence indicates that the osteoporotic patient who are aging, post-menopausal, diabetes and chronic kidney disease simultaneously represent a high clinical incidence of soft tissue calcification, illustrating a link between soft tissue calcification and bone decalcification (osteoporosis). This study will review what is currently known about the connection between bone decalcification and soft tissue calcification.

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이 논문을 인용한 문헌 (1)

  1. Lee, Mi-Rin ; Park, Mi-Na ; Mun, Ji-Young ; Lee, Yeon-Sook 2011. "Effects of a Low Calcium Diet and Oxalate Intake on Calcium Deposits in Soft Tissues and Bone Metabolism in Ovariectomized Rats" 韓國營養學會誌 = The Korean journal of nutrition., 44(2): 101~111 

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