The vibratory or phonating surface of the human vocal folds is a complex layered structure. Benign vocal fold lesions arise primarily within the lamina propria of the vocal folds and produce dysphonia by disrupting the normal layered architecture of the phonating surface. Therefore, treatment is aimed at excision of the lesion with restoration of the normal layered architecture. The core principle of the Microflap approach is that conservative removal of submucosal pathology with preservation of overlying normal epithelium and superficial lamina propria. Microflap approach is an essential component of most phnomicrosurgical procedures and is a challenging surgical task that requires patience, appropriate instrumentation, surgical skill, and experience. The authors reviewed surgical principles of Microflap technique, instrumentation and surgical tips that could be useful for the beginners who tried to try Microflap technique for the treatment of benign vocal fold mucosal lesions.
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