$\require{mediawiki-texvc}$
  • 검색어에 아래의 연산자를 사용하시면 더 정확한 검색결과를 얻을 수 있습니다.
  • 검색연산자
검색연산자 기능 검색시 예
() 우선순위가 가장 높은 연산자 예1) (나노 (기계 | machine))
공백 두 개의 검색어(식)을 모두 포함하고 있는 문서 검색 예1) (나노 기계)
예2) 나노 장영실
| 두 개의 검색어(식) 중 하나 이상 포함하고 있는 문서 검색 예1) (줄기세포 | 면역)
예2) 줄기세포 | 장영실
! NOT 이후에 있는 검색어가 포함된 문서는 제외 예1) (황금 !백금)
예2) !image
* 검색어의 *란에 0개 이상의 임의의 문자가 포함된 문서 검색 예) semi*
"" 따옴표 내의 구문과 완전히 일치하는 문서만 검색 예) "Transform and Quantization"
쳇봇 이모티콘
안녕하세요!
ScienceON 챗봇입니다.
궁금한 것은 저에게 물어봐주세요.

논문 상세정보

어디에 표지판을 세울 것인가? 길 안내 과제를 통한 개인의 공간인식 및 문제해결에 대한 연구

Path Selection Strategies and Individual Differences in a Navigation Task

초록

이 연구의 목적은 '길 안내' 와 같은 문제해결 과정을 통해 나타나는 학생들의 공간적 문제해결 전략 및 개인차를 밝히는 것이다. 방문객의 길 안내를 위해 학생들이 캠퍼스에 세운 간이 표지판의 위치를 분석하였다. 학생들은 표지판의 위치로 급격한 방향 전환이 필요한 갈림길이나 길 안내의 출발, 도착지점을 선호하였으며, 경로를 선정할 때 효율성, 환경적 특성, 방문객의 심미적 만족감 등 다양한 요인들을 고려하였다. 또한 대부분의 학생들이 방문객의 예상 이동 경로를 따라 일렬로 간이 표지판을 세운 반면, 몇몇 학생들은 복수의 경로를 설정하는 전략을 사용하였다. 한편 동일한 과제를 실내에서 수행하게 했을 때, 실내에서 수행된 과제의 표지판들이 실외의 경우보다 균등한 간격으로 분포하는 특징을 보였다.

Abstract

This study aims to reveal path selection strategies and individual differences in a navigation task. Two experiments were presented that studied human route planning performance as well as the cognitive strategies and processes involved. For the outdoor task, university students were asked to select a route based on the instruction, i.e. to find the best route from the campus main gate to the Education Building for conference visitors by locating eight signposts. Results indicate (1) that locations of signposts were selected preferably at decision points where the traveler needs to make a choice and starting/ending points of the navigation task and (2) a variety of route planning strategies considering efficiency goal (e.g., the shortest path), environmental characteristics (e.g., fewest turns), and aesthetic purpose (e.g., most scenic) were used. It is notable that some participants took into account more than one path by locating one or two signposts on an alternative route while others preferred a linear route connecting signposts between the start point and the destination. Prior to the main experiment, the same participants were asked to complete the same task inside the classroom to investigate changes in strategies between two tasks. Participants often tend to place signposts at more regular intervals for the indoor navigation task than the same task conducted outside.

저자의 다른 논문

참고문헌 (63)

  1. Allen, G. L., Kirasic, K. C., Dobson, S. H., Long, R. G., and Beck, S., 1996, Predicting environmental learning from spatial abilities: an indirect route, Intelligence, 22, 327-355. 
  2. Allen, G. L., 1999a, Spatial abilities, cognitive maps, and wayfinding - bases for individual differences in spatial cognition and behavior, in Golledge, R. G.(ed.), Wayfinding Behaviour: Cognitive Mapping and Other Spatial Processes, Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, 46-80. 
  3. Allen, G. L., 1999b, Cognitive abilities in the service of wayfinding: a functional approach, Professional Geographer, 51(4), 554-561. 
  4. Antes, J. R., McBride, R. B., and Collins, J. D., 1988, The effect of a new city traffic route on the cognitive maps of its residents, Environment and Behavior, 20(1), 75-91. 
  5. Appleyard, D., 1970, Styles and methods of structuring a city, Environment and Behavior, 2, 100-118. 
  6. Bailenson, J. N., Shum, M., and Uttal, D., 2000, The initial segment strategy: A heuristic for route selection, Memory & Cognition, 28(2), 306-318. 
  7. Christenfeld, N., 1995, Choices from identical points, Psychological Science, 6, 50-55. 
  8. Chown, E., Kaplan, S., and Kortenkamp, D., 1995, Prototypes, location and associative networks (plan): Towards a unified theory of cognitive mapping, Journal of Cognitive Science, 19, 11-51. 
  9. Conroy, D. R., 2003, The secret is to follow your nose: route path selection and angularity, Environment and Behavior, 35(1), 107-131. 
  10. Cornell, E. H., Sorenson, A., and Mio, T., 2003, Human sense of direction and wayfinding, Annals of the Association of American Geographers, 93(2), 399-425. 
  11. Couclelis, H., Golledge, R. G., Gale, N., and Tobler, W., 1987, Exploring the anchor point hypothesis of spatial cognition, Journal of Environmental Psychology, 7, 99-122. 
  12. Downs, R. W. and Stea, D., 1977, Maps in Minds: Reflections on Cognitive Mapping, Harper & Row, New York. 
  13. Gale, N., Golledge, R. G., Pellesgriono, J. W., and Doherty, S., 1990, The acquisition and integration of route knowledge, Journal of Environmental Psychology, 10(1), 3-26. 
  14. Gärling, T., 1999, Human information processing in sequential spatial choice, in Golledge, R. G.(ed.), Wayfinding Behavior: Cognitive Mapping and Other Spatial Processes, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, 81-98. 
  15. Garling, T. and Garling, E., 1988, Distance minimization in downtown pedestrian shopping, Environment and Planning A, 20(4), 547-554. 
  16. Gärling, T. and Golledge, R. G., 2000, Cognitive mapping and spatial decision-making, in Kitchin, R. and Freundschuh, S.(eds.), Cognitive Mapping: Past, Present, and Future, Routledge, London, 44-65. 
  17. Golledge, R., 1995, Path selection and route preference in human navigation: A progress report, in Frank, A. and Kuhn, W.(eds.), Spatial Information Theory: A Theoretical Basis for GIS (COSIT' '95), Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Springer, Berlin, 207-222. 
  18. Golledge, R. G., 1999, Wayfinding Behavior: Cognitive Mapping and Other Spatial Processes, Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore. 
  19. Golledge, R. G., Marston, J. R., Loomis, J. M., and Klatzky, R. L., 2004, Stated preferences for components of a personal guidance system for nonvisual navigation, Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness, 98(3), 135-147. 
  20. Golledge, R. G. and Stimson, R. J., 1997, Spatial Behavior: A Geographic Perspective, The Guilford Press, New York. 
  21. Hayes-Roth, B. and Hayes-Roth, F., 1979, A cognitive model of planning, Cognitive Psychology, 6, 261-280. 
  22. Hirtle, S. and Jonides, J., 1985, Evidence of hierarchies in cognitive maps, Memory & Cognition, 13(3), 208-217. 
  23. Hirtle, S. C. and Mascolo, M. F., 1986, Effect of semantic clustering on the memory of spatial locations, Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 12(2), 182-189. 
  24. Hochmair, H. and Frank, A. U., 2000, Influence of estimation errors on wayfinding-decisions in unknown street networks-analyzing the leastangle strategy, Spatial Cognition and Computation, 2, 283-313. 
  25. Hong, I., Song, S., Park, J., and Koo, K., 2010, Locationaware real time positioning with JinifMap, Conference Proceeding of ICCET 2010, Chengdu, China. 
  26. Kuipers, B., Tecuci, D., and Stankiewickz, B., 2003, The skeleton in the cognitive map: A computational and empirical exploration, Environment and Behavior, 35(1), 80-106. 
  27. Lawton, C. A. and Kallai, J., 2002, Gender differences in wayfinding strategies and anxiety about wayfinding: A cross-cultural comparison, Sex Roles: A Journal of Research , 40(9), 389-401. 
  28. Lee, J. and Bednarz, R. S., 2005, Video analysis of mapdrawing strategies, Journal of Geography, 104, 211-221. 
  29. Lee, J., 2008, Which direction is the opposite side? The ambiguity of spatial language and communication problems, Journal of the Korean Geographical Society, 43(1), 71-86 (in Korean). 
  30. Lee, S., Shin, J., Kim, H., Hong, I., Kim, K., Jun, Y., Jo, D., Kim, J., and Lee, K. (translation), 2009, Geographic Information Systems and Science, Sigmapress, Seoul (이상일, 신정엽, 김현미, 홍일영, 김감영, 전용완, 조대헌, 김종근, 이건학 역, 2009, 지리정보시스템과 지리정보과학, 시그마프레스, 서울; (original) Longley, P. A., Goodchild, M. F., Maguire, D. J., and Rhind, D. W., 2005, Geographic Information Systems and Science, 2nd Edition, John Wiley & Sons, West Sussex, England. 
  31. Lovelace, K. L., Hegarty, M., and Montello, D. R., 1999, Elements of good route directions in familiar and unfamiliar environments, in Freksa, C. and Mark, D. M.(eds.), Spatial Information Theory, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Springer, Berlin, 65-82. 
  32. Lynch, K., 1960, The Image of the City, MIT Press, Cambridge, MA. 
  33. MacGregor, J. N., Ormerod, T. C., and Chronicle, E., 2000, A model of human performance on the traveling salesperson problem, Memory & Cognition, 28(7), 1183-1190. 
  34. McNamara, T. P., Hardy, J. K., and Hirtle, S. C., 1989, Subjective hierarchies in spatial memory, Journal of Environmental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 15(2), 211-227. 
  35. Mitchell, D. H. and Smith, J. M., 2001, Topological network design of pedestrian networks, Transportation Research Part B, 35(2), 107-135. 
  36. Moeser, S. D., 1988, Cognitive mapping in a complex building, Environment and Behavior, 20, 21-49. 
  37. Montello, D. R., Hegarty, M., Richardson, A. E., and Waller, D., 2004, Spatial memory of real environments, virtual environments, and maps, in Allen, G. L.(ed.), Human Spatial Memory: Remembering Where, Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Mahwah, NJ, 251-285. 
  38. Prestopnik, J. L. and Roskos-Ewoldsen, B., 2000, The relations among wayfinding strategy use, sense of direction, sex, familiarity, and wayfinding ability, Journal of Environmental Psychology, 20, 177-191. 
  39. Raubal, M. and Winter, S., 2002, Enriching wayfinding instructions with local landmarks, in Egenhofer, M. J. and Mark, D. M. (eds.), Geographic Information Science, Springer, Berlin, 243-259. 
  40. Richardson, A. E., Montello, D. R., and Hegarty, M., 1999, Spatial Knowledge acquisition from maps and from navigation in real and virtual environments, Memory & Cognition, 27(4), 741-750. 
  41. Rosch, E., 1975, Cognitive reference points, Cognitive Psychology, 7, 532-547. 
  42. Ruddle, R. A., Payne, S. J., and Jones, D. M., 1997, Navigating buildings in "desk-top" virtual environments: Experimental investigations using extended navigational experience, Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied, 3(2), 143-159. 
  43. Sadalla, E. K., Burroughs, W. J., and Staplin, L. J., 1980, Reference points in spatial cognition, Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Learning and Memory, 6(5), 516-528. 
  44. Sandstrom, N. J., Kaufman, J., and Huettel, A. S., 1998, Males and females use different distal cues in a virtual environment navigation task, Cognitive Brain Research, 6(4), 351-360. 
  45. Saucier, D. M. and Green, S. M., 2002, Are sex differences in navigation caused by sexually dimorphic strategies or by differences in the ability to use the strategies?, Behavioral Neurosciences, 116(3), 403-410. 
  46. Schmitz, S., 1999, Gender differences in acquisition of environmental knowledge related to wayfinding behaviour spatial anxiety and self-estimated environmental competencies, Sex Roles: A Journal of Research, 41(1-2), 71-93. 
  47. Shemyakin, F. N., 1962, General problems of orientation in space and space representations, in Anayev, B. G.(ed.), Psychological Science in the USSR (Vol. 1), Joint Publications Research Service, Washington, DC, 184-225. 
  48. Shin, J., 2009, The theoretical review of the sex differences of the spatial cognition and its implications on the perspective of geography education, The Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic and Environmental Education, 17(2), 125-144 (in Korean). 
  49. Skyhook Wireless, n.d., Skyhook in Action, http://www.skyhookwireless.com/inaction/ 
  50. Sorrows, M. E. and Hirtle, S. C., 1999, The nature of landmarks for real and electronic spaces, in Freksa, C. and Mark, D. M.(eds.), Spatial Information Theory, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Springer, Berlin, 37-50. 
  51. Stevens, A. and Coupe, P., 1978, Distortions in judged spatial relations, Cognitive Psychology, 10, 422-437. 
  52. Taylor, H. A., Naylor, S. J., and Chechile, N. A., 1999, Goal-specific influences on the representation of spatial perspective, Memory & Cognition, 27(2), 309-319. 
  53. Thorndike, P. W. and Hayes-Roth, B., 1982, Differences in spatial knowledge acquired from maps and navigation, Cognitive Psychology, 14, 560-589. 
  54. Trabasso, T. and Riley, C. A., 1975, The construction and use of representations involving linear order, in Solso, R.(ed.), Information Processing and Cognition: The Loyola Symposium, Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Mahwah, NJ, 381-410. 
  55. Tversky, B., 2000, Level and structure of spatial knowledge, in Kitchin, R. and Freundschuh, S.(eds.), Cognitive Mapping: Past, Present and Future, Routledge, London, 24-43. 
  56. Tversky, B., 2003, Navigating by mind and by body, in Freksa, C., Brauer, W., Habel, C., and Wender, K. F.(eds.), Spatial Cognition III: Routes and Navigation, Human Memory and Learning, Spatial Representation and Spatial Reasoning, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1-10. 
  57. Vickers, D., Lee, M. D., Dry, M., and Hughes, P., 2003, The roles of the convex hull and the number of potential intersections in performance on visually presented traveling salesperson problem, Memory & Cognition, 31(7), 1094-1104. 
  58. Waller, D., Loomis, J. M., and Steck, S. D., 2003, Inertial cues do not enhance knowledge of environmental layout, Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 10, 987-993. 
  59. Wiener, J. and Mallot, H., 2003, Fine-to-coarse route planning and navigation in regionalized environments, Spatial Cognition and Computation, 3(4), 331-358. 
  60. Wiener, J., Schnee, A., and Mallot, H., 2004, Use and integration of navigation strategies in regionalized environments, Journal of Environmental Psychology, 24, 475-493. 
  61. Wiener, J. M., Lafon, M., and Berthoz, A., 2008, Path planning under spatial uncertainty, Memory & Cognition, 36(3), 495-504. 
  62. Xia, J., Arrowsmith, J. M., and Cartwright, W., 2008, The wayfinding process relationships between decision-making and landmark utility, Tourism Management, 4, 445-457. 
  63. Zacharias, J., Bernhardt, T., and Montigny, L., 2005, Computer-simulation pedestrian behavior in shopping environment, Journal of Urban Planning and Development, 131(3), 195-200. 

이 논문을 인용한 문헌 (0)

  1. 이 논문을 인용한 문헌 없음

원문보기

원문 PDF 다운로드

  • ScienceON :

원문 URL 링크

원문 PDF 파일 및 링크정보가 존재하지 않을 경우 KISTI DDS 시스템에서 제공하는 원문복사서비스를 사용할 수 있습니다. (원문복사서비스 안내 바로 가기)

상세조회 0건 원문조회 0건

DOI 인용 스타일