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중년 여성의 식이보충제 섭취 수준에 따른 식습관 및 갱년기 증상에 관한 연구

Dietary Habits and Climacteric Symptoms according to the Level of Food Supplement Use of Middle-aged Women

초록

폐경을 전후한 중년 여성(45~60세) 745명을 대상으로 식이보충제 섭취 수준에 따라 식습관, 갱년기 증상 및 일반적 건강 특성에 차이가 있는지 살펴보았다. 식이보충제 섭취 수준은 '전혀 섭취하지 않음(None)', '한 가지를 섭취함(Single)', '두 가지 이상을 섭취함(Multi)'으로 구분하였다. 전체 대상자 중 None, Single, Multi에 속하는 비율은 각각 33.56, 33.29, 33.15%로 나타났다. 식이보충제 사용자(Single 및 Multi)는 비사용자(None)에 비하여 식이보충제에 대한 관심이 월등히 높았으며, 식이보충제가 건강증진과 갱년기증상을 완화시킨다는 신념이 유의하게 높았다(P<0.0001). 주관적인 건강상태는 Multi가 None에 비하여 유의하게 낮게 나타났다(P<0.05). 식습관(20 문항)에 대한 요인분석 결과 '식사의 규칙성', '식사의 다양성', '건강에 해로운 식품의 절제'의 세 요인이 추출되었다. 식이보충제의 섭취수준이 증가할수록 '식사의 다양성'도 상승하였으며 Multi는 None에 비하여 유의하게 높게 나타났다(P<0.05). 갱년기 증상 25 문항으로부터 네 개의 요인(심리적, 신체적, 정신신체적, 홍조)이 추출되었다. 정신신체적 증상 및 홍조는 식이보충제 이용자가 비이용자에 비하여 유의하게 높았으며(P<0.001), 심리적 증상은 Single이 None에 비하여 높았다. 식이보충제의 섭취 수준과 폐경 단계는 유의한 관련성이 존재하였으며(P<0.01) Single이 폐경 중과 폐경 후 여성의 최상위 비율을 차지하였다. 종합적으로 볼 때, 폐경을 전후한 중년 여성이 인지하는 갱년기 증상이 심할수록 식사의 다양성을 유지하려 하고 식이보충제에 대한 의존도도 클 것으로 여겨진다. 본 연구는 중년 여성의 식이보충제 이용은 이들이 경험하는 갱년기 증상과 식습관과 관련성이 높음을 입증한 연구로서, 중년 여성의 건강증진을 위한 정책 수립 및 식생활 교육을 위한 기초 자료로 활용될 수 있을 것으로 사료된다.

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to examine the question of whether there is any difference in dietary habits, climacteric symptoms, and general health characteristics of middle-aged women according to food supplements (FS) use. A total of 745 midlife females participated in a face-to-face interview conducted by qualified interviewers, which guaranteed a higher quality of data collection. Three levels of FS use were defined: None, Single, and Multi for 0, 1, and 2 or more types of FS use, respectively. None, Single, and Multi accounted for 33.56%, 33.29%, and 33.15% of total subjects, respectively. FS users (Single and Multi) exerted more interest in FS and were more likely to believe that FS is helpful for health promotion and amelioration of climacteric symptoms than None (P<0.0001). Self-perceived health status of Multi was lower than that of None, but not different from Single (P<0.05). Factor analysis extracted three factors for dietary habits: regularity, variety and moderation, and four factors for climacteric symptoms: emotional, physical, psycho-somatic, and hot flash. The factor scores for dietary variety as well as emotional, psycho-somatic, and hot flash symptoms were higher for FS user than for None (P<0.01). Single reported more frequent family meals compared to None. Findings of the present study elucidated potential links between the level of FS use, dietary habits, and climacteric symptoms of middle-aged women, suggesting a possible scenario: the greater the climacteric symptoms a woman perceives, the more likely the woman will adopt FS use, the greater the efforts toward dietary improvement, such as dietary variety. Based on that, in this study, more peri-menopausal women belonged to Single and Multi; further investigation on the association between FS use, dietary quality, and climacteric symptoms in conjunction with menopausal status may be needed.

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이 논문을 인용한 문헌 (1)

  1. Han, Chae-Jeong ; Kim, Yun Hee 2014. "Study on Consumption of Health Functional Foods according to Climacteric Symptoms in Middle-aged Women" 東아시아食生活學會誌 = Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life, 24(6): 768~775 

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