본 연구는 소년보호처분을 받은 비행청소년과 일반 중 고등학교 남학생들의 자아존중감과 사회성에 대한 영역별 차이를 비교분석해 보고, 청소년비행 예방을 위한 교정 정책방안 모색을 목적으로 한다. 대전시에 소재하고 있는 소년원생(84명)과 일반 중 고등학교의 남학생(230명)을 설문조사하였다. 분석결과, 자아존중감 차이분석에서는 총체적 자아존중감과 학교 자아존중감에서 비행청소년이 높게 나타났으나, 가정적 자아존중감 영역에서만 일반청소년이 높은 결과를 보였다. 사회성의 하위 영역의 지도성에서는 비행청소년이 높은 결과를 보였고, 자주성과 협동성에서는 일반청소년이 높게 나타났다. 결론적으로 각 개인의 특성과 환경에 따라 자아존중감과 사회성의 차이는 영역별로 다르게 나타나기 때문에, 맞춤형 설계를 통한 비행예방 교정정책의 방안이 효과적임을 시사하는 바이다.
This study conducted a comparison analysis of the differences by scope between juvenile delinquents, under sentence of juvenile protective disposition, and normal middle high school boys' self-esteem and sociality; it aims to search for the correctional policy to prevent juvenile delinquency. I conducted a survey, as a sampling target, of students (84) at Daedeok Juvenile Reformatory, located in Daejeon-si, Korea, and the normal middle high school boys (230). The results of analysis showed that in the analysis of self-esteem difference, juvenile delinquents were found high in the global self-esteem and school-academic self-esteem, but the normal adolescents were found high only in the scope of family-parents self-esteem. In leadership, a subordinate scope of sociality, juvenile delinquents showed the high result, and in independence and cooperativity, normal adolescents were found high. In conclusion, as the distinction between self-esteem and sociality is different by scope, depending on the individual's characteristic and environment, it suggests that the correctional policy through the customized plan is effective at preventing delinquency.
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