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논문 상세정보

간호대학생의 건강증진행위 예측모형

A Predictive Model of Health Promotion Behavior in Nursing Students

초록

본 연구는 간호 대학생을 대상으로 Pender(1987)의 건강증진모형과 선행연구의 문헌고찰을 기초로 간호대학생의 건강증진행위를 설명하고, 이들의 영향요인을 파악하여 건강증진행위를 촉진하는 효과적인 간호중재방법 개발에 기틀을 제공하고자 시도되었다. 연구대상은 임상실습을 한 경험이 있는 간호 대학생 204명을 대상으로 하였으며 자료수집기간은 2014년 4월 1부터 5월 30일까지 시행하였으며, 최종 204부를 자료의 분석대상으로 하였다. 수집된 자료는 SPSS, LISREL을 이용하여 빈도분석, 백분율, ANOVA, t-test, 상관관계 분석을 하였고, 가설검정은 경로분석을 하였다. 가설모형의 전반적 지수는 ${\chi}^2=.06$(p=.812), df=1, ${\chi}^2(df)=.000$, GFI=0.97, AGFI=1.0, SRMR=.002, NFI= 0.947, NNFI=0.957, RMSEA=0.016, CN=266으로 좋은 부합도를 보였다. 모형에서 제시된 가설 검증 결과를 보면 건강증진행위에 영향을 미치는 변수는 지각된 장애성, 지각된 자기 효능감, 지각된 사회적 지지로 나타났고, 임상실습 스트레스, 지각된 건강상태, 강인성, 지각된 유익성은 건강증진행위에 영향을 미치지 못하였다.

Abstract

This study seeks to carry out a literary review of preceding studies and the health improvement model of Pender(1987) on university students majoring in nursing to explain the health improvement behaviors and identify the factors that affect their activities to provide a framework for developing a more effective nursing mediation method that promotes health improvement behaviors. The study subjects were 204 university students majoring in nursing who have had clinical practice experience. The period for data collection was from April 1to May 30, 2014 and a total of 204 copies of the questionnaire were used for analysis. For the collected data, frequency analysis, percentage, ANOVA, t-test and correlation analysis were conducted using SPSS, LISREL, and path analyss was done for hypothesis testing. The overall index of hypothesis model showed a good congruence as ${\chi}^2=.06$(p=.812), df=1, ${\chi}^2(df)=.000$, GFI=0.97, AGFI=1.0, SRMR=.002, NFI=0.947, NNFI=0.957, RMSEA=0.016, CN=266. Looking at the verification of the hypothesis presented in the model, the variables that affect health improvement behaviors were perceived disability, perceived self-efficacy, perceived social support, while stress from clinical practice, perceived health status, persistence and perceived benefits did not affect health improvement behaviors.

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참고문헌 (27)

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