Previously, we reported that globefish Takifugu obscurus homogenate suppresses the growth of human colorectal cancer cells. To extend the applications of globefish homogenate, we investigated its cytotoxic effects on human breast cancer cells. To assess the effects of globefish homogenate on growth of MCF (Michigan Cancer Foundation)-7 human breast cancer cells, cell proliferation and colony formation assays were performed using the cell counting and Crystal Violet staining methods. The 50% inhibitory concentration (IC50) of globefish homogenate on MCF-7 cell proliferation was calculated from the sigmoidal dose-response curve. The colony formation assay demonstrated that MCF-7 cells treated with globefish homogenate formed up to 80% fewer colonies than control MCF-7 cells. Treatment with globefish homogenate markedly suppressed the growth of MCF-7 cells in a dose-dependent manner. The sensitivity of the cells to globefish homogenate was determined by calculating the IC50; in this case, the IC50 was 210 ㎍/mL. Furthermore, significant downregulation of Cyclin D1 expression, along with phospho-Akt and total Akt levels, was observed in MCF-7 cells treated with globefish homogenate. This study demonstrates that treatment with globefish homogenate inhibits the proliferation of MCF-7 human breast cancer cells by downregulating the expression of phosphor-Akt, total Akt, and Cyclin D1 proteins.
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