본 연구의 목적은 AI 융합교육 프로그램의 교육 효과성을 분석하는 것이다. 이를 위해 선행연구에서 개발한 '머신러닝의 개념을 지도하기 위한 초등 과학 AI 융합교육 프로그램' 총 8차시를 초등학생 4~6학년을 대상으로 교육한 후, 'AI 기술에 대한 태도, 과학선호도, 융합인재소양' 검사 도구를 이용하여 단일집단 사전-사후검사를 진행했다. 각 요인의 정량적 변화는 R 프로그램을 이용하여 분석하였고, 피어슨 상관계수를 이용한 상관분석 및 대응표본 t-검정을 통해 교육 효과성을 분석하였다. 그 결과, 'AI 기술에 대한 태도, 과학선호도, 융합인재소양' 모든 요소에 깊은 상관관계가 있었으며, 대부분의 요소에서 기술적 평균이 향상되었다. 따라서, AI 융합교육 프로그램은 교육적으로 유의미하며, 초등 정규 교육과정에 AI 교육 및 AI 융합교육이 도입된다면 긍정적인 교육 효과를 얻을 수 있을 것으로 기대한다.
The purpose of this study is to analyze the effectiveness of AI convergence education program. To this end, the "Elementary Science AI Convergence Education Program for Machine Learning" developed in previous research were taught to elementary school students in the fourth to sixth grades in eight times. The quantitative changes of each factor were analyzed by R program, and the effectiveness of education was analyzed by Pearson correlation and paired samples t-test. As a result, there is a deep correlation between "Attitude to AI technology, Scientific preference and STEAM Literacy" and technical average has improved in many factors. Therefore, AI convergence education program is meaningful in terms of education, and if AI education and AI convergence education are implemented into the primary formal education curriculum, they will have a positive effect.
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