전기자동차용 배터리 하우징 소재로 사용되고 있는 금속 소재에서 경량소재로 대체하기 위한 열가소성복합재료를 제조하였다. 매트릭스 소재는 고분자 소재인 나일론 6를 사용 하였으며 방열 성능을 부여하기 위해 열전도도가 높은 Boron Nitrate(BN)를 사용하였다. 동일한 필러의 함량 및 입자 크기에 따른 열전도성 고분자 복합재료의 방열 특성을 분석하였다. 필러의 함량이 증가할수록 열전도도 값이 증가하였으며, 입자크기가 60~70㎛인 BN의 함량이 50%인 복합재료의 경우 1.4W/mK 이상 열전도도를 나타내었다. 입자 크기가 클수록 입자 간 계면 접촉면이 넓어져 Thermal path가 이루어짐을 확인하였다. 제조된 열전도성 고분자복합재료를 이용하여 배터리 하우징을 제작하였으며 셀의 충방전 동안 온도 변화를 관찰하여 배터리 하우징의 대체 소재로서의 가능성을 확인하였다.
Manufactured thermoplastic composite materials to replace the metal materials used as battery housing materials for electric vehicles with lightweight materials. As the matrix material, nylon 6 which is a polymer material was used. Boron Nitrate(BN), which has high thermal conductivity, was used to provide heat dissipation performance. The heat dissipation characteristics of the thermally conductive polymer composite material according to the BN content and particle size were analyzed. The thermal conductivity value increased as the filler content increased, and composite materials particle size of 60 to 70㎛ and BN content of 50%, the thermal conductivity was 1.4 W/mK. The larger the particle size, the wider the inter-particle interface contact surface, which means that a thermal path was formed. wider the interfacial contact surface between the particles, and the thermal path was formed. A battery housing was manufactured using the manufactured thermally conductive polymer composite material, and the temperature change during charging and discharging of the cell was observed, and the possibility as a substitute material for the battery housing was confirmed.
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