건조채소류의 제조시 품질손상을 줄이고자 삼투건조와 steam 및 boiling water, microwave를 이용하여 전처리를 행한 후 열풍건조하여 적절한 전처리 방법을 알아보고자 건조와 재수화 공정을 행하여 각 공정의 물리적인 특성을 조사하였으며, 기존의 건조 모델을 적용하여 수분이동 메카니즘을 설명하고, 건조당근의 관능적 특성을 조사하였다. 전처리는 처리시간이 길수록 수분과 carotene 함량이 낮아졌으나 물리적인 특성을 고려하여 최적 처리 시간을 STEAM과 WATER 는 각 10분, MICRO는 1분으로 결정하였다. 최적 조건에서 전처리를 행한 후
In drying process, to minimize the quality degradation by improved drying process and pretreatment methods, carrots, cabbages and radishes were dried and rehydrated. Physico-chemical properties of product were analyzed to determine the optimum pretreatment method and drying models were applied to explain drying mechanisms. Microwave, steam and water were used prior to drying as blanching method. In consideration of physical properties, optimum treatment time was decided that microwave was 1 min, steam and water were each 10 min. Control, steam, water, microwave and osmotic dehydration were treated prior to drying as pretreatment individually, osmotic dehydration was lower than the other treatmemt in drying efficiency, but carotene content was higher than the others. The effect continued after rehydration. Ten panelists tested dried and rehydrated carrots. After rehydration, the quality of air dried product with osmotic dehydration was superior to freeze dried without treatment. The fittness of drying models were conducted in order to explain the mechanism of drying each process. Quadratic model was most fittable to explain during drying. However, in rehydration process, no fittable model was found.
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