국내산 곡류의 에탄올 및 메탄올 추출물로부터 콜레스테롤 생합성계에서 가장 중요한 율속효소로 알려져 있는 HMG-CoA reductase 저해활성을 검색하였다. HMG-CoA reductase activity 측정용 효소원은 cholestyramin을 급여하여 사육 한 후 밤 12시경에 간율 적출하여 얻어진 microsome을 freeze-thaw방법으로 조제하였고 효소활성은 spectrophotometric assay로 측정하였다. 그 결과 각 시료 추출물을
A study was conducted to screen the inhibitory activity of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A(HMG-CoA) reductase, which is known to be rate-limiting enzyme in cholesterol bosynthesis, from the extracts of 80% methanol and 70% ethanol of cereals and regumes. The strongest inhibitory activity was shown in the ethanol extract of sorghum among the ethanol extracts. The inhibitory activity of HMG-CoA reductase of prosomillilet methanol extract was 73%, and highest among the methanol extracts. The inhibitory activity of 44.7% was observed in sorghum methanol extract. The methanol extracts of prosomillet and sorghum were further fractionated with hexane, chloroform, ethylacetate, butanol and water. HMG-CoA reductase inhibitory activity was shown in all fractions of prosomillet and sorghum methanol extracts. Hexan fraction of both prosomillet and sorghum had the strongest inhibitory activity among five fractions, and the inhibitory activity was increased compared to each crude extracts.
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