We had isolated 8 viruses from 91 specimen collected at southwest Cheju Province during early spring 1998 and 2 viruses from 9 specimen collected at Chung Nam Province during early spring 1999. To perform cross-reactivity among 4 mumps vaccine strains and 10 wild-type mumps viruse isolates, we immunized mice and took antisera against each virus. There were no antibody titer differences by indirect immunofluorescence assay (IFA), but most isolated mumps viruses showed a little cross-reactivities with Jeryl Lynn and Rubini strains. It has shown similar result by haemagglutination-inhibition (HAI) test. These results show that 4 mumps strains used as vaccine have the protection ability against endemic wild-type mumps viruses. Also the SH gene analysis was performed to identify genotypes. Most isolated mumps viruses belonged to genotype D. These results indicate that endemic mumps viruses in Korea are different to ones isolated in Japan and China.
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