Purpose I investigated how beliefs in punishment have influence on child abuse. Also, I investigated how socio-demographic variables of parents' have influences on child abuse by parents. Sampling was conveniently and total 160 parents replied to the study. Data analysis was done by descriptive statistics, Pearson's correlation using SPSSWIN. The results were as follows. Mild child abuse: 'Throwing the object at me(21.1%)', 'Clutching, and pushing (21.0%)', 'Slapping on the cheek (19.1 %), Severe child abuse: 'Kicking, pounding and biting(4.1%)', 'Rod, stick, belt, broom beating using a various objects such as(51.7%)', 'Beating all over the body(6.8%)'. Very severe child abuse: 'Burning with cigarette (0%)', 'Threatening me with a knife, a hammer, a naxe, a gimlet the objects such as(0.7%)', 'Injuring me with the objects such as (0%)', 'Hospitalized by belting(0%)'. Correlations of major variables were as follows. Physical child abuse by elementary student's parents has significantly positive correlation with beliefs in punishment(r= .244 p= .003) and has significantly negative correlation with parent's age(r=-.273, p=.001). But physical child abuse has not significant correlations with family income, education. Conclusion: Beliefs in punishment of parents have influences on child abuse. To prevent child abuse, effective parenting program development is required.
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