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달리기 시 일정한 속도에서 보폭 차이가 하지 관절의 3차원 힘과 모멘트에 미치는 영향

The effects of the different steps on the forces and moments of the lower extremity's joint in the three dimension during a steady running

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to determined the force and moment of the ankle and the knee joint at different step length relative to the length of the lower extremity during a steady running. Six digital cameras(Qualisis) and a forceplatform(A.M.T.I) were used to obtain the kinematic data of the segments and kinetic data on the running at speed of 5.18m/s. The force and moment measured from six subjects participated in this study were limited to the support phase and their values were averaged at the moment of heel strike, mid stance, and toe off of a running for making a comparison between the condition 1(relative step length 1.1) and the condition 2(relative step length 1.4). It was concluded that internal forces except mediolateral force of the condition 2 were greater in the ankle and the knee joint than those of the condition 1, but all moments of condition 2 were greater from the descriptive statistic point of view. For the future study, it was needed to consider a number of subjects, a various running speed, and a individual step preference for applying generally results to the running strategy.

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