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논문 상세정보

가토의 두개골에서 티타늄 반구를 이용한 다양한 onlay bone graft시 골형성 능력

THE EFFECT OF NEW BONE FORMATION OF ONLAY BONE GRAFT USING VARIOUS GRAFT MATERIALS WITH A TITANIUM CAP ON THE RABBIT CALVARIUM

초록

육안적 검사결과 실험군과 대조군 모두에서 특별한 염증 소견이나 창상 이개 없이 반원 모양의 골형성이 관찰되었다. 조직학적으로 3주째에 대조군, 실험 1군, 실험2군, 실험 3군 모두 이식골 주위 및 티타늄 반구 내면을 따라 신생 골형성이 관찰되었다. 조직학적으로 6주째에 모든 군에서 3주째에 비하여 신생골 면적의 증가 및 성숙 소견이 관찰되었고, 실험2군에서는 부분적으로 이식골이 흡수되면서 신생골이 형성되는 것이 관찰된 반면, 실험 3군에서는 이식골의 흡수 소견이 관찰되지 않았다. 조직형태계측학적으로 3주, 6주 모두 자가골에서 가장 많은 신생골 형성이 나타났고, 신생골 면적 비교시 자가골, 이종골, 합성골 순으로 크게 나타났고, 각 군간의 통계학적으로 유의한 차이는 없었다(p>0.05). 본 연구결과 골유도 재생술시 골형성 능력은 자가골이 가장 좋지만, 자가골 채취가 불가능할 경우, 적절한 차폐막을 사용한 합성골과 이종골 복합 이식방식도 좋은 대체제가 될 것으로 생각된다.

Abstract

Purpose: This study was performed to evaluate the effect of various graft materials used with a titanium cap on the ability of new bone formation in the rabbit calvarium. Materials and Methods: A total of 32 sites of artificial bony defects were prepared on the calvaria of sixteen rabbits by using a trephine bur 8 mm in diameter. Each rabbit had two defect sites. 0.2 mm deep grooves were formed on the calvaria of sixteen rabbits by using a trephine bur 8 mm in diameter for the fixation of a titanium cap. The treatments were performed respectively as follows: without any graft for the control group (n=8), autogenous iliac bone graft for experimental group 1 (n=8), alloplastic bone graft ($SynthoGraft^{(R)}$, USA) for experimental group 2 (n=8), and xenogenic bone graft ($NuOss^{(R)}$, USA) for experimental group 3 (n=8). After the treatments, a titanium cap (8 mm in diameter, 4 mm high, and 0.2 mm thick) was fixed into the groove. At the third and sixth postoperative weeks, rabbits in each group were sacrificed for histological analysis. Results: 1. In gross examination, the surgical sites showed no signs of inflammation or wound dehiscence, and semicircular-shaped bone remodeling was shown both in the experimental and control groups. 2. In histological analysis, the control group at the third week showed bone remodeling along the inner surface of the cap and at the contact region of the calvarium without any specific infiltration of inflammation tissue. Also, there was no soft tissue infiltration. Bone remodeling was observed around the grafted bone and along the inner surface of the titanium cap in experimental group 1, 2, and 3. 3. Histologically, all groups at the sixth week showed the increased area of bone remodeling and maturation compared to those at the third week. In experimental group 2, the grafted bone was partially absorbed by multi nucleated giant cells and new bone was formed by osteoblasts. In group 3, however, resorption of the grafted bone was not observed. 4. Autogenous bone at the third and sixth week showed the most powerful ability of new bone formation. The size of newly formed bone was in decreasing order by autogenous, alloplastic, and heterogenous bone graft. There was no statistically significant difference among autogenous, alloplastic, and heterogenous bones(p>0.05). Summary: This result suggests that autogenous bone is the best choice for new bone formation, but when autogenous bone graft is in limited availability, alloplastic and xenogenic bone graft also can be an alternative bone graft material to use with a suitably guided membrane.

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