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논문 상세정보

트레이닝 형태의 차이가 운동 특이성(exercise specificity)과 전사효과(transability)에 미치는 영향

Effects of Different Exercise Training Mode on Exercise Specificity and Transability

초록

본 연구에서는 8주의 유산소 및 저항성 트레이닝 그룹으로 나누고 그에 따른 트레이닝이 서로 다른 테스트를 하였을 때, 운동 특이성 효과(specific effect)와 전사효과(transferabilty)에 영향을 미치는 지를 연구하였다. 결론적으로 8주간의 유산소 및 저항성 트레이닝은 동일한 테스트를 통하여 운동의 특이성은 나타냈으나 서로 다른 테스트를 해 봄으로써 전사효과의 향상은 나타내지 못했다. 전사효과를 나타내지 못한 가장 큰 이유는 8주라는 기간이 중추신경과 근육의 적응하기에는 다소 짧은 기간이라 사료되며 추후의 연구에서는 트레이닝 기간등을 고려한 좀 더 세분화된 연구가 필요하다고 생각된다.

Abstract

The purpose of the present study was to examine effects of different exercise training modes (Aerobic Training, Resistance Training) on exercise specificity and transability. The tested subjects, composed of 10 healthy males without known family history or medical illnesses, were divided into two groups: Aerobic Training Group (ATG; n=5) and Resistance Training Group (RTG; n=5). An aerobic training program, based on maximum oxygen consumption rates taken during standard testing, was conducted in 60 minute sessions 3 times a week, and the Heart Rate Reserve (HRR) at 70% of maximum oxygen consumption rate was measured the using Polar. In the weight training program, based on repetition maximum rate (1-RM) taken during standard testing, the weight at 70% of such rates was measured during 60 minute sessions of 7 categories of exercise (Bench press, Leg press, Squat, Shoulder press, Arm curt Lat pull down, Triceps pull down), conducted 3 times a week. The data collected from this research were calculated to obtain average and differences compared to standards using an SPSS 11.0 statistics package. In conclusion, increase in V0$_{2max}$ and production of NO$_x$ (NO$_2$/NO$_3$), reduction of %fat, MAPwere shown effective in aerobic training and in different exercise tests, and aerobic testing within the aerobic training group (ATG) was shown to be more effective. In contrast, resistance training was shown to be more effective for the reduction of CK and LDH, and even in different tests, the resistance test within the resistance training group (RTG) showed to be more effective. Exercise specificity also significantly increased in both groups (ATG, RTG). but there was no significant difference in transability in both groups (ATG, RTG).

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