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논문 상세정보

원두커피의 로스팅 조건이 polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons 생성에 미치는 영향

Influence of Roasting Conditions on Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon Contents in Ground Coffee Bean

초록

커피 품종별 3종의 원두에 대한 로스팅 온도는 inlet air 기준으로 $150^{\circ}C$에서 $250^{\circ}C$ 사이로 로스팅 시간은 5, 10, 20분으로 각 조건별 PAHs 함량의 변화를 측정한 결과이다. Arabica 종인 Colombia 원두와 Brazil 원두 공시료의 총 PAHs 함량은 각각 1.78 ${\mu}g$/kg와 1.65 ${\mu}g$/kg로 비슷하였으며, Robusta 종인 India 원두는 0.38 ${\mu}g$/kg로 Arabica 종보다 적은 량이 검출되었다. 총 PAHs 함량도 Robusta 종에서 0.18-2.54 ${\mu}g$/kg이 검출되었으며, Arabica 종인 Colombia 원두와 Brazil 원두는 각각 1.26-215.70 ${\mu}g$/kg, 1.85-178.14 ${\mu}g$/kg로 Arabica 종에서 많이 검출되었으며, 품종별 B[${\alpha}$]P의 함량도 Colombia 원두에서 0.11-0.47 ${\mu}g$/kg, Brazil 원두에서 0.18-0.60 ${\mu}g$/kg, India 원두에서 0.03-0.11 ${\mu}g$/kg으로 Arabica 종에서 많이 검출되었다. 로스팅 조건별 실험 결과 일정한 변화를 보이진 않았지만, 저온 장시간 로스팅 한 시료보다 고온 단시간 로스팅 한 시료에서 총 PAHs가 많이 검출되었음을 확인하였으며, 시료별 실험결과 B[${\beta}$]F 함량은 Arabica 종인 Colombia 원두와 Brazil 원두를 250$^{\circ}C$에서 10, 20분 로스팅 하였을 때 많이 검출되었음을 확인하였다. 이에 따라 시중에 유통되고 있는 로스팅 커피의 모니터링을 통하여 섭취하고 있는 커피의 PAHs의 노출 정도를 파악하고, 커피 생산 공정에서 PAHs의 생성량을 저감화할 수 있는 로스팅 방식(직접가열방식, 열풍가열방식) 및 조건(온도, 시간) 확립에 대한 연구가 필요할 것으로 판단된다.

Abstract

Roasting may lead to the formation of undesired compounds, such as polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). In this study, green coffee beans were roasted under controlled conditions and the formation of PAHs during the roasting process was monitored. Roasting was performed in a hot air roaster, with an inlet air temperature varying from 150 to $250^{\circ}C$ for 5, 10, and 20 min. The PAH content of the roasted coffee was then evaluated by HPLC-FLD. The levels of total PAHs in Arabica (Colombia, Brazil) and Robusta (India) coffee samples were 1.26-215.07, 1.85-178.14, and 0.18-2.61 ${\mu}g$/kg, respectively.

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이 논문을 인용한 문헌 (2)

  1. Kim, Youn-Tae ; Lee, Myoungsook ; Kim, Ae-Jung 2014. "Changes in Antioxidative Activities and General Composition of Mung Beans according to Roasting Temperature" 東아시아食生活學會誌 = Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life, 24(2): 217~223 
  2. Choi, Seung Kwan ; Choe, Su Bin ; Kang, Sung Tae 2014. "Reduction of Benzo(a)pyrene Content in Sesame Oil by Using Adsorbents" 한국식품영양과학회지 = Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, 43(4): 564~569 

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