This study was conducted to find the nutrition status and the effects of nutrition education by comparing the condition of the subjects before and after the education among elementary students attending a community child center(CCC). The subjects of the study were 70 elementary school students in CCC in Donggu, Ulsan as a control group compared to other 87 elementary students in the same age and the same area. The result were as follows. The students in CCC showed higher rate of skipping breakfasts and less rate of having snacks, compared with control students. Also they showed lower scores of both nutrition knowledge and dietary belief. The CCC group had higher rate of skipping meals, especially on weekends(72.9%), and showed less nutrient intakes than the control group. After the nutrition education, nutrition knowledge and dietary beliefs of the nutrition group showed better results but no difference in their dietary attitudes. The education did not make significant differences in the rate of skipping meals and in the nutrient intakes. Considering all the results above, an adequate plan for providing meals is required as well as a nutrition education for improvement of the poor nutrition condition of children in CCC.
지역아동센터에 다니는 아동들의 영양불량위험을 최소화하고, 올바른 식습관 형성을 위한 식생활 지도가 이루어질 수 있도록 하기 위해 요구되는 것은?
먼저 아동들의 영양 상태와 식습관의 문제를 정확히 파악하여 효율적인 개선방안을 제시해야 할 필요가 있다.
따라서 지역아동센터에 다니는 아동들의 영양불량위험을 최소화하고 올바른 식습관 형성을 위한 식생활 지도가 이루어질 수 있도록 하기 위해서는 먼저 아동들의 영양 상태와 식습관의 문제를 정확히 파악하여 효율적인 개선방안을 제시해야 할 필요가 있다. 이에 본 연구는 지역아동센터에 다니는 학생들 중 가장 비율이 높은(Ministry of Health & Welfare 2010a) 초등학교 4, 5, 6학년 아동들을 대상으로 식생활 환경과 영양지식 및 태도, 영양섭취실태 등을 조사하여 이들의 영양문제가 무엇인지 파악 하고자 하였다.
대부분 학습지도를 중심으로 한 교육프로그램과 상담, 가족지원서비스 등으로 건강을 위한 프로그램은 찾아보기 힘들다
이에 따라 지역아동센터에서는 ‘결식아동을 위한 긴급대책’을 마련하여 결식아동에게 급식 지원을 하기 시작한 이후로 하루에 한 끼를 지원하고 있다(Kim 2010). 그러나 지역아동센터의 프로그램은 대부분 학습지도를 중심으로 한 교육프로그램과 상담, 가족지원서비스 등으로 건강을 위한 프로그램은 찾아보기 힘들다(Seo 2005). 또한 대부분의 지역아동센터가 규모가 작고, 재정과 시설, 기자재 등이 미비하며 교사의 업무량이 과다하여Won 2005) 아동들의 영양상태 개선을 위한 업무를 수행하기에는 어려움이 있는 것으로 생각된다.
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지역아동센터에 다니는 초등학생들의 영양실태 및 영양교육효과 -울산시 동구지역을 중심으로
한국지역사회생활과학회지 = The Korean Journal of Community Living Science
, 2012년, pp.277 - 289
(부산대학교 식품영양학과 및 노인생활연구소 )
( 부산대학교 식품영양학과 및 노인생활연구소)