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논문 상세정보

초록

본 총설은 논란이 되고 있는 계란 콜레스테롤이 심장질환과 관련성이 없다는 것을 증명하기 위하여 지난 50여 년간의 연구 결과를 조사하였다. 그 결과, 식이로 섭취된 콜레스테롤은 혈액 콜레스테롤 농도에 큰 영향을 미치지 않는 것이 밝혀졌다. 더욱이 고콜레스테롤혈증이 있는 중년 남녀에게 1일 2개의 계란을 더 섭취한 실험에서도 혈액 콜레스테롤이 증가되지 않는 것으로 나타났다. 식이 콜레스테롤 섭취가 증가하면 LDL-콜레스테롤 뿐 아니라, HDL-콜레스테롤도 같이 증가하여 심장질환 위험의 중요 지표인 LDL : HDL 비율은 거의 변화가 없었다. 특히 노인에게서 더 좋은 지표로 밝혀진 HDL-콜레스테롤이 증가하므로, 콜레스테롤 섭취는 심장질환 예방에 좋은 것으로 나타났다. 따라서 계란의 섭취는 건강에 나쁘다고 알려진 인식은 사실이 아니며, 오히려 심장질환 예방에 효과적인 것으로 밝혀졌다. 또한, 계란 섭취량에 관한 공식적인 기준도 없는 것으로 나타났다. 따라서 이와 같은 증거들은 더 이상 계란에 대한 오해와 불신이 없기를 제안한다.

Abstract

The objective of this literature review is to prove that egg cholesterol is not related with heart disease based upon research results of the past 50 years. As a result, it was reported that the dietary intake cholesterol did not affected cholesterol levels in blood. Moreover, it was reported that adding two eggs a day to a healthful diet did not significantly increase blood cholesterol levels in young or middle-aged men and women with normal or even moderately elevated blood cholesterol levels. Cholesterol feeding studies demonstrate that dietary cholesterol increases both LDL and HDL cholesterol with little change in the LDL : HDL ratio as an important risk indicator of heart disease. Especially a good indicator in the elderly from increased HDL-cholesterol, so cholesterol intake appeared to be good for the prevention of heart disease. Thus the consumption of eggs is bad for your health is not known as a fact, but rather was found to be effective in preventing heart disease. Also, all consumers may consume without worrying because there are no official standards regarding egg intake. Therefore, these evidences would clear up some misunderstanding and mistrust on egg cholesterol regarding the consumption of egg as well as give some desirable advice on how to maintain healthy life.

질의응답 

키워드에 따른 질의응답 제공
핵심어 질문 논문에서 추출한 답변
콜레스테롤 수치
콜레스테롤 수치가 높아지면 어떤 위험률이 증가하는가?
심근경색 등의 위험률

구미의 사망 원인을 보면 심장병, 특히 동맥 경화가 원인이 되어 나타나는 심근경색 등으로 사망자가 많은 것이 특징이다(National Vital Statistics Reports, 2010). 콜레스테롤 수치가 높아지면 심근경색 등의 위험률이 커지는 것은 의학적으로도 밝혀지고 있다. 한편, 일본에서는 암에 의한 사망자가 1위로, 심근경색과 뇌경색 사망자 수의 2배 이상에 달하고 있다.

계란 섭취량
계란 섭취량과 심혈질질환에 의한 사망률의 관계는?
계란 섭취량이 많은 사람일수록 심혈관 질환에 의한 사망률은 낮은 것으로 나타났다.

, 1982). 즉, 계란 섭취량이 많은 사람일수록 심혈관 질환에 의한 사망률은 낮은 것으로 나타났다. 또한 계란 섭취량이 가장 많은 일본, 멕시코, 프랑스 및 스페인의 관상동맥질환 사망률은 세계에서 가장 낮아서, 계란 섭취가 관상동맥 질환 위험성과 관련이 없음을 증명하였다(Dawber et al.

계란
계란의 주요 영양소는?
전란 기준으로 단백질(6 g), 지방(5 g)과 11종의 필수 비타민과 광물질이 있다

계란의 크기는 작지만, 내용물은 우리 인체가 필요로 하는 각종 영양소를 고루 함유하고 있다. 주요 영양소로는 전란 기준으로 단백질(6 g), 지방(5 g)과 11종의 필수 비타민과 광물질이 있다(USDA, 2006). 계란은 가격까지 저렴하여 식탁에서 부담 없이 먹을 수 있는 식품이지만, 건강과 관련한 부정적인 소식이 매스컴을 통해 나올 때마다 많은 서러움을 받고 있는 식품이기도 하다.

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