본 연구는 곡류 및 두류를 이용하여 식용 가능한 젖산균 모배양용 식용배지를 개발하고자 실시하였다. 식용 배지의 제조를 위하여 곡류는 발아현미, 찰현미, 발아찰현미를 사용하였고, 두류는 대두콩(대두콩, 껍질을 제거한 대두콩, 발아 대두콩, 껍질을 제거한 발아 대두콩)과 검은 대두콩(검은 대두콩, 껍질을 제거한 검은 대두콩, 발아 검은 대두콩, 껍질을 제거한 발아 검은 대두콩)으로 나누어서 젖산균 증식배지를 제조하였다. 실험에 사용된 젖산균은 Lactobacillus(Lb.) farciminis, Lb. homohiochii, Lb. pentosus, Lb. plantarum, Leuconostoc(Leu.) paramesenteroides, Leu. citreum 및 Leu. lactis 총 7종이다. 곡류를 이용한 식용배지에서 배양한 경우, 7개 종균의 평균 균수는 7.6~8.0 log CFU/mL의 균수를 나타내었다. 대두콩으로 제조한 식용배지는 껍질을 제거한 발아 대두콩 배지에서 대부분의 균이 높은 증식량을 나타내었다. 특히 Lb. plantarum은 10.08 log CFU/mL로 가장 높은 균수를 보였다. 검은 대두콩의 경우는 껍질을 제거한 발아 검은 콩배지에서 증식량이 많았다. Lb. homohiochii는 껍질제거 발아 검은 콩배지에서 9.90 log CFU/mL로 가장 많은 증식량을 보였다. 모든 결과에서 곡류와 두류를 이용한 식용배지를 이용하여 배양할 때 젖산균 증균량이 우수함을 알 수 있었고, 특히 가장 증식량이 우수한 '껍질을 제거한 발아 검은 대두콩' 식용 배지를 향후 젖산균 모배양에 이용하는 것을 권장한다.
This study was conducted to develop an edible culture media with various types of cereals and soybeans for the pre-cultivation of lactic acid bacteria (LAB). To manufacture the edible culture media, LAB enrichment media were prepared using cereals such as brown rice (including germinated brown rice, glutinous brown rice, and germinated glutinous brown rice), yellow soybeans (including yellow soybeans, hulled yellow soybeans, germinated yellow soybeans, hulled and germinated yellow soybeans), and black soybeans (black soybeans, hulled black soybeans, germinated black soybeans, hulled and germinated black soybeans). Seven species of LAB were used in the experiment: Lactobacillus (Lb.) farciminis, Lb. homohiochii, Lb. pentosus, Lb. plantarum, Leuconostoc (Leu.) paramesenteroides, Leu. citreum, and Leu. lactis. For edible culture media from cereals, the average viable cell count of the seven starter cultures was 7.6~8.0 log CFU/mL, while that of the MRS culture medium, a synthetic medium, was 9.2 log CFU/mL; thus proliferation was lower by about 1~2 log CFU/mL in starter cultures from cereals compared to the synthetic medium. In the case of the edible culture media from soybeans, most bacteria showed higher proliferation in the hulled and germinated soybean media. In particular, Lb. plantarum showed the highest cell count at 10.08 log CFU/mL. In the case of edible culture media from black soybeans, the proliferation rate was higher in the hulled and germinated black soybean medium. Lb. homohiochii showed the highest proliferation in the hulled and germinated black soybean medium at 9.90 log CFU/mL. All results show that edible culture media using cereals and soybeans are generally good for LAB. Especially, hulled and germinated black soybeans are optimal for the pre-cultivation of LAB medium.
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