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일부 중년여성의 건강식품 섭취와 식생활과의 관련성 연구

The relationship between Intake of Health Foods and Dietary Behavior in Middle-Aged Women

초록

본 연구는 45~60세 중년 여성을 대상으로 건강식품의 섭취 실태를 파악하고, 건강식품 섭취 여부에 따른 건강행태와 식생활을 조사하여 이들 여성의 건강식품의 섭취와 식생활과의 관련성을 살펴보았다. 조사 대상자의 평균 연령은 49.8세였으며, 현재 건강식품을 섭취하고 있는 대상자 비율이 66.8%로 건강식품 섭취자가 비섭취자 보다 더 많았다. 섭취하고 있는 건강식품은 비타민 및 무기질의 섭취 비율이 가장 높았으며, 섭취 이유로는 영양보충과 질병예방이라고 응답한 비율이 높았다. 건강식품 구입과 관련한 태도에서는 건강 식품 구입 시 영양정보 또는 제품성분, 섭취량, 섭취방법을 잘 확인하고 구입한다고 응답한 비율이 70% 이상으로 높았다. 건강식품 섭취 여부에 따른 평상시 식생활 태도를 분석한 결과, 건강식품 섭취군이 비섭취군에 비해 평상시 식생활 태도의 평균 점수가 유의적으로 높았으며(p < 0.05), 식생활 태도에 대한 탐색적 요인분석을 실시한 결과에서도 추출된 4개의 요인 중 '식품의 절제' 요인에서 섭취군의 점수가 비섭취군에 비해 유의적으로 높았다(p < 0.001). 이상의 결과로 건강식품을 섭취하는 사람들의 식생활 태도가 더 좋으며, 바람직한 식생활과 건강식품의 섭취가 긍정적인 관계에 있는 것을 확인하였다. 따라서 건강식품 섭취를 평상시 식생활과 잘 조화를 이루게 한다면 더욱 긍정적인 작용을 할 것으로 기대되며, 이에 중년 여성 자신의 식생활을 올바르게 인식하고 자신에게 적합한 건강식품을 선택할 수 있도록 관련 교육 및 지침이 마련되어야 할 것으로 사료된다.

Abstract

Objectives: The purpose of this study was to investigate the health food consumption patterns and their relationship to dietary behavior in middle-aged women (45-60 years). Methods: The exclusive face-to-face interviews by well-trained interviewers guaranteed a scientific data collection and the quality of survey data of 731 women. Subjects were divided into two groups according to the intake of the health foods, 'Intake' group (${\geq}3.2$, n = 488) and 'Non-intake' group (n = 243). Data were analyzed using the SPSS 20.0 program. Results: The average age of the subjects was 49.8 years and 66.8% of subjects were taking the health foods. Vitamins and minerals were consumed by the subjects. The major reason for intake of health foods was that they provide nutrient supplements may prevent diseases. More than 70% of the subjects reported checking nutrition information, ingredients, recommended daily intakes, instructions, when they bought the health foods. The average dietary life score of the intake group was significantly higher (p < 0.05) than that of the non-intake group. In analysis of exploratory factors of dietary life, the intake group showed significantly higher score (p < 0.001) in 'moderation of food intake' among the 4 exploratory factors. Conclusions: These results showed that women who took health foods had better dietary behavior than others suggesting a positive relation between the dietary behavior and the health food consumption. Therefore, we suggest that developing guidelines and then educating women about those guidelines could improve the ability of choosing health foods appropriately for their own benefit.

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