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패션산업 종사자의 직무환경과 삶의 질의 관계에 관한 연구 - 패션 벤더회사를 중심으로

Relationship between working environment and quality of life of fashion industry workers - Focusing on fashion vendor company -

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between working environment and quality of life of fashion vendor company workers by using working environment variables such as job stress, job burnout, job satisfaction, and turnover intention. Preliminary test was conducted by interviewing fashion vendor company workers in order to find out factors that were more suitable for their working environment. Main survey was conducted to 200 fashion vendor company workers and 194 responses were analyzed. The results of correlation analysis showed that job stress, job burnout, job satisfaction, turnover intention, and factors of quality of life had significant relationships. Boss stress, role stress, achivement decrease, and personal condition satisfaction showed a significant relationship with turnover intention. The results of path analysis showed that job stress had a positive relationship with job burnout and job burnout had a negative relationship with job satisfaction. Both job stress and job burnout had a positive relationship with turnover intention, whereas job satisfaction had a negative relationship with turnover intention. Also, the results showed that job burnout and turnover intention had a negative relationship with quality of life of fashion vendor company workers, whereas job satisfaction had a positive relationship with quality of life of fashion vendor company workers.

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핵심어 질문 논문에서 추출한 답변
직무환경이 삶의 질에 미치는 영향
패션 벤더회사에 대해 직무환경이 삶의 질에 미치는 영향 연구가 필요한 이유는?
직무환경의 중요성에 대한 낮은 인식으로 인해 제대로 된 연구가 미비할 뿐 아니라 직무 환경에 대한 불만족과 직무소진, 스트레스 등의 문제로 패션 벤더회사 종사자들의 삶의 질이 떨어지고 있으며 이들의 잦은 이직과 전직으로 인해 조직의 인사관리에 어려움이 커지고 이익실현도 저해 되고 있다.

패션 벤더회사는 전문적인 지식과 섬세하고 숙련된 기술을 요하는 전문 직종이므로(Oh, 2001) 인적 자원에 대한 의존도가 높은 분야이다. 그럼에도 불구하고 직무환경의 중요성에 대한 낮은 인식으로 인해 제대로 된 연구가 미비할 뿐 아니라 직무 환경에 대한 불만족과 직무소진, 스트레스 등의 문제로 패션 벤더회사 종사자들의 삶의 질이 떨어지고 있으며 이들의 잦은 이직과 전직으로 인해 조직의 인사관리에 어려움이 커지고 이익실현도 저해 되고 있다. 따라서 패션 벤더회사 종사자들의 신체적·정신적 삶의 질 향상을 위해 현재 처한 직무환경을 파악하고 직무환경이 삶의 질에 미치는 영향에 대한 연구가 필요하다고 할 수 있다.

인간의 삶에서 생활의 영역에 관련된 생활만족도
인간의 삶에서 생활의 영역에 관련된 생활만족도가 가지는 의미는?
한 개인이 자신의 삶 또는 생활 전반에 걸쳐 경험하게 되는 감정적 반응으로써 긍정적이고 즐거운 감정상태

개인의 삶은 크게 일과 관련된 영역과 생활과 관련된 영역으로 나눌 수 있는데, 한 개인의 일과 관련된 영역은 그와 연관된 가치관, 업무여건을 포함하여 직무환경에서부터 자신의 직무에 대한 몰입정도와 소속된 집단에의 몰입을 포함하는 직무태도, 직무스트레스나 직무만족도에 이르기까지 다양하다. 생활의 영역은 한 개인의 생활 전반에 걸친 영역을 의미하며, 인간의 삶에서 생활의 영역에 관련된 생활만족도는 한 개인이 자신의 삶 또는 생활 전반에 걸쳐 경험하게 되는 감정적 반응으로써 긍정적이고 즐거운 감정상태를 의미한다(Kim & Lim, 2009). 이 두 개의 영역은 서로 밀접한 연관성이 있어서 현재 자신이 수행하고 있는 직무환경(Working environment)에 따라 개인의 삶의 질(QOL: Quality of Life)도 달라진다고 할 수 있다(Sirgy, 2001).

현대사회에서의 개인의 삶
현대사회에서의 개인의 삶의 측면에서 더 주목되는 사회적 이슈는?
얼마나 오래사느냐 하는 것보다 얼마나 잘 살아가느냐의 문제

의학과 문명이 나날이 발전해 가고 있는 현대사회에서의 개인의 삶을 조명해 보면, 얼마나 오래사느냐 하는 것보다 얼마나 잘 살아가느냐의 문제가 더 큰 사회적 이슈가 되고 있다. 개인의 삶은 크게 일과 관련된 영역과 생활과 관련된 영역으로 나눌 수 있는데, 한 개인의 일과 관련된 영역은 그와 연관된 가치관, 업무여건을 포함하여 직무환경에서부터 자신의 직무에 대한 몰입정도와 소속된 집단에의 몰입을 포함하는 직무태도, 직무스트레스나 직무만족도에 이르기까지 다양하다.

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이 논문을 인용한 문헌 (2)

  1. 1. 김영태, 황춘섭 2015. "테크니컬 디자이너의 자기효능감이 직무만족과 조직몰입에 미치는 영향" The Research Journal of the Costume Culture = 복식문화연구, 23(6): 1021~1037 
  2. 2. Kim, ji-hyeon, 2016. "Effect of job characteristics and job environment of modelists on the job commitment and job satisfaction" 한국디자인포럼 = Journal Korea society of visual design forum, 51(): 51~65 

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