이 연구는 물리치료(학)과 학생들의 장애인에 대한 인식 및 태도를 알아보기 위해 물리치료(학)과가 개설된 전국 대학 중 6개 대학의 학생들을 대상으로 이루어졌으며 배포된 총 800부 중 776부를 회수하여 SPSS 21.0 프로그램을 이용하여 분석하였다. 연구결과 성별에 따른 장애인에 대한 행동의 차이에서 남학생이 긍정적으로 나타났으며, 4년제 학제에서 학년이 올라갈수록 부정적으로 나타났다. 장애인과의 접촉 경험에서는 장애인 가족이나 친구가 있는 경우 긍정적으로 나타났으며 장애 관련 과목 수강 여부에 따라서는 차이가 나타나지 않았다. 또한 봉사활동의 경험과 장애를 가진 사람과의 생활 경험이 있는 경우 태도와 행동 항목에서 긍정적으로 나타났다. 이러한 결과를 볼 때, 장애인과의 접촉 경험의 질과 기회에 따라 장애인에 대한 긍정적 태도와 행동이 형성된다고 알 수 있으며, 이를 통해 교육과정 속에서의 장애인 인식의 개선과 장애인과의 직접적인 경험을 통해 긍정적인 장애인에 대한 태도 및 행동의 변화를 유도할 교육 프로그램의 개발이 모색될 필요가 있을 것이다.
The purpose of this research was to examine the attitudes and behavior of physical therapy students toward the disabled. The subjects were 776 students at 6 cities and provinces nationwide with physical therapy. Self-reported questionnaires were used to collect data from 800, and 776 returned forms was analyzed using SPSS 21.0 ver. As a summary of the results, first, there was a more positive significant difference in the behavior toward disabilities in men than women; the higher grade they were, the more negative the significant difference in attitude toward the disabilities. Second, the subjects with disabled family members or friends had a positive attitude and behavior. Third, there was no difference as to whether to take classes related to disabilities, and there was a positive significant difference in the students who took voluntary service. Based on these results, interactions with disabled people affect the positive attitudes and behaviors toward disabilities. In addition, implications of the important roles of education curricula to take direct experience are suggested.
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