$\require{mediawiki-texvc}$
  • 검색어에 아래의 연산자를 사용하시면 더 정확한 검색결과를 얻을 수 있습니다.
  • 검색연산자
검색연산자 기능 검색시 예
() 우선순위가 가장 높은 연산자 예1) (나노 (기계 | machine))
공백 두 개의 검색어(식)을 모두 포함하고 있는 문서 검색 예1) (나노 기계)
예2) 나노 장영실
| 두 개의 검색어(식) 중 하나 이상 포함하고 있는 문서 검색 예1) (줄기세포 | 면역)
예2) 줄기세포 | 장영실
! NOT 이후에 있는 검색어가 포함된 문서는 제외 예1) (황금 !백금)
예2) !image
* 검색어의 *란에 0개 이상의 임의의 문자가 포함된 문서 검색 예) semi*
"" 따옴표 내의 구문과 완전히 일치하는 문서만 검색 예) "Transform and Quantization"
쳇봇 이모티콘
안녕하세요!
ScienceON 챗봇입니다.
궁금한 것은 저에게 물어봐주세요.

논문 상세정보

모-자녀 애착 및 공유시간과 자아존중감이 학령 후기 아동의 주관적 안녕감에 미치는 영향

The Effects of Attachment and Shared Time Between Mother and Child and Self-Esteem on Subjective Well-Being in Late Childhood

Abstract

Objective: This study aimed to examine the effects of attachment and shared time between mother and child and self-esteem on subjective well-being in late childhood. Methods: A total of 329 fifth and sixth graders in elementary school (183 boys and 146 girls) participated in the study. They responded to questionnaires regarding attachment and shared time between mother and child and the self-esteem and subjective well-being of children. The data were analyzed using SEM. Results: Attachment and shared time between mother and child had an indirect effect through self-esteem as well as a direct effect on the subjective well-being of children. Children who formed secure attachments and spent more time with their mothers showed a higher level of subjective well-being. In addition, when children kept a good relationship with their mother quantitatively as well as qualitatively, they acknowledged their own capability and value positively, which led to higher subjective well-being. Conclusion: Findings emphasize that mother-child relationships play significant roles in predicting both the subjective well-being and self-esteem of children. The importance of self-esteem was identified in late childhood based on its relative influence on subjective well-being compared to mother-child relationships.

질의응답 

키워드에 따른 질의응답 제공
핵심어 질문 논문에서 추출한 답변
주관적 행복
한국 어린이-청소년 행복 지수에서 주관적 행복 영역이 낮은 것은 무엇을 의미하는가?
우리 사회의 양면성을 여실히 나타내는 것으로, 이전에 비해 상당히 풍요로워진 환경 속에서 살아가고 있음에도 불구하고 자신의 삶에 만족하지 못하거나 내면적으로 어려움을 경험하는 아동이 적지 않음을 의미한다

반면, 물질적 행복, 교육 및 행동과 생활양식 영역에서는 OECD 국가들 중 최상위 수준을 보였다(Youm, Kim, Lee, & Lee, 2015). 이러한 결과는 우리 사회의 양면성을 여실히 나타내는 것으로, 이전에 비해 상당히 풍요로워진 환경 속에서 살아가고 있음에도 불구하고 자신의 삶에 만족하지 못하거나 내면적으로 어려움을 경험하는 아동이 적지 않음을 의미한다. 따라서 아동의 심리적 복지를 증진시키기 위해서는 아동의 행복감이나 안녕감과 같은 주관적 측면에 대한 학문적 관심이 절실히 요구된다.

주관적 안녕감
주관적 안녕감의 의미는?
긍정적 정서를 많이 느끼고 자신의 유능성과 대인관계를 긍정적으로 지각하는 것

, Bea, Doh, Rhee, & Shin, 2015; Choi, 2010; Yoo, Park, & Doh, 2015)을 대상으로 한 연구들도 보고되고 있다. 주관적 안녕감은 긍정적 정서를 많이 느끼고 자신의 유능성과 대인관계를 긍정적으로 지각하는 것을 의미하는 것으로 (Bak & Song, 2007), 아동이 경험하는 주관적 안녕감이나 행복감은 아동의 현재 발달 및 적응을 설명하는 중요한 지표가 될 뿐만 아니라 청소년기나 성인기 발달 및 적응을 예측할 수 있다. 특히 학령 후기에 속하는 초등학교 고학년은 발달단계 특성상 급격한 신체발달과 정신적 성숙이 진행되는 과정에서 갈등과 혼란을 겪기 쉬우므로, 이 시기 아동의 주관적 안녕감 증진은 그들이 보다 적응적인 청소년기를 맞이할 수 있도록 돕기 위한 중요한 과제이다.

모-자녀 애착 및 모-자녀 공유시간
모-자녀 애착 및 모-자녀 공유시간은 자녀의 자아 존중감에 어떤 영향을 주는가?
모-자녀 애착 및 모-자녀 공유시간은 자녀의 자아존중감에 영향을 미쳐, 어머니와의 애착이 안정적이라고 지각하는 초등학교 5-6학년 아동은 자아존중감이 높았으며(S. Kim & Lee, 2014; H. K. Park & Kwon, 2012), 등하교 시 혹은 잠자리에 들기 전에 어머니가 집에 있는 경우가 많고 어머니와 함께 대화를 나누거나 영화관이나 박물관 등에 가는 것과 같은 활동을 자주 할수록 청소년의 자아존중감은 높았다

이 외에, 모-자녀 애착 및 모-자녀 공유시간과 아동의 자아존중감 간의 관련성과 아동의 자아존중감과 주관적 안녕감 간의 관련성을 밝힌 선행 연구들을 통해서도 모-자녀 애착 및 모-자녀 공유시간이 아동의 주관적 안녕감에 미치는 영향에서 자아존중감의 매개적 역할을 유추해볼 수 있다. 이를 각각의 경로별로 나누어 살펴보면, 먼저 모-자녀 애착 및 모-자녀 공유시간은 자녀의 자아존중감에 영향을 미쳐, 어머니와의 애착이 안정적이라고 지각하는 초등학교 5-6학년 아동은 자아존중감이 높았으며(S. Kim & Lee, 2014; H. K. Park & Kwon, 2012), 등하교 시 혹은 잠자리에 들기 전에 어머니가 집에 있는 경우가 많고 어머니와 함께 대화를 나누거나 영화관이나 박물관 등에 가는 것과 같은 활동을 자주 할수록 청소년의 자아존중감은 높았다(Bulanda & Majumdar, 2009). 또한, 아동의 자아존중감과 주관적 안녕감 간에도 밀접한 관련성이 보고되어, 자아존중감이 높은 초등학교 5-6학년 아동은 주관적 안녕감 역시 높게 지각하였다(Choi, 2010; Yoo et al.

질의응답 정보가 도움이 되었나요?

참고문헌 (79)

  1. Ahn, J., Oh, M., & Kim, J. (2011). The pathways from attachment to children's psychological well-being: The mediating effects of children's ego-resilience and peer support. Korean Journal of Child Studies, 32(6), 63-79. 
  2. Ainsworth, M. D. S., Blehar, M. C., Waters, E., & Wall, S. (1978). Patterns of attachment: A psychological study of the strange situation. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum. 
  3. Armsden, G. C., & Greenberg, M. T. (1987). The inventory of parent and peer attachment: Individual differences and their relationship to psychological well-being in adolescence. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 16(5), 427-454. doi:10.1007/BF02202939 
  4. Bak, B. G., & Hong, S. P. (2004). Development and validation of a subjective well-being scale. The Korean Journal of Educational Psychology, 18(3), 159-175. 
  5. Bak, B. G., & Song, J. H. (2007). Multidimensional $2{\times}3$ factor structure of subjective well-being. The Korean Journal of Educational Psychology, 21(3), 591-611. 
  6. Baumeister, R. F., Campbell, J. D., Krueger, J. I., & Vohs, K. D. (2003). Does high self-esteem cause better performance, interpersonal success, happiness, or healthier lifestyles? Psychological Science in the Public Interest, 4(1), 1-44. doi:10.1111/1529-1006.01431 
  7. Bea, J. Y., Doh, H., Rhee, S. H., & Shin, J. H. (2015). The effects of maternal parenting behavior, relationships with friends, and relationships with teachers on the subjective well-being of children in late childhood. Korean Journal of Child Studies, 36(6), 59-83. doi:dx.doi.org/10.5723/KJCS.2015.36.6.59http://dx.doi.org/10.5723/KJCS.2015.36.6.59J. H. (2015). The effects of maternal parenting behavior, relationships with friends, and relationships with teachers on the subjective well-being of children in late childhood. Korean Journal of Child Studies, 36(6), 59-83. doi:dx.doi.org/10.5723/KJCS.2015.36.6.59
  8. Block, J., & Robinson, R. W. (1993). A longitudinal study of consistency and change in self-esteem from early adolescence to early adulthood. Child Development, 64(3), 909-923. doi:10.2307/1131226 
  9. Block, J. H., & Block, J. (1980). The role of ego-control and egoresiliency in the organizatiion of behavior. In W. A. Collins (Ed.), The Minnesota symposia on child psychology. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum. 
  10. Bowlby, J. (1958). The nature of child's tie to his mother. International Journal of Psychoanalysis, 39, 350-373. 
  11. Bowlby, J. (1973). Attachment and loss, Vol. 2: Separation. New York: Basic Books. 
  12. Bowlby, J. (1988). A secure base: Parent-child attachment and healthy human development. New York: Basic Books. 
  13. Bradburn, N. M. (1969). The structure of psychological well-being. Chicago: Aldine. 
  14. Browne, M. W., & Cudeck, R. (1993). Alternative ways of assessing model fit. In K. A. Bollen & J. S. Long (Eds.), Testing structural equation models (pp. 111-135). Beverly Hills, CA: Sage. 
  15. Bulanda, R. E., & Majumdar, D. (2009). Perceived parent-child relations and adolescent self-esteem. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 18(2), 203-212. doi:10.1007/s10826-008-9220-3 
  16. Campbell, A. (1981). The sense of well-being in America: Recent patterns and trends. New York: McGraw-Hill. 
  17. Cho, H. (2011). The effects of social support, hope, depression, and academic achievement on psychological well-being. Korean Journal of Educational Psychology, 25(1), 153-174. 
  18. Cho, S., & Jin, M. (2015). The mediating effects of optimism in the relationship between parental attachment and psychological well-being in adolescents. Asian Journal of Child Welfare and Development, 13(1), 95-112. 
  19. Choi, M. (2010). The relations of children’ stress, self-esteem, and subjective well-being. Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association, 48(10), 65-75. 
  20. Crouter, A. C., Head, M. R., McHale, S. M., & Tucker, C. J. (2004). Family time and the psychosocial adjustment of adolescent siblings and their parents. Journal of Marriage and Family, 66(1), 147-162. 
  21. Diener, E. (1984). Subjective well-being. Psychological Bulletin, 95(3), 542-575. 
  22. Diener, E. (1996). Works on subjective well-being. Journal of Macromarketing, 16, 135-137. 
  23. Diener, E., & Diener, M. (1995). Cross-cultural correlates of life satisfaction and self-esteem. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 68(4), 653-663. doi:10.1007/978-90-481-2352-0_4 
  24. Diener, E., Emmons, R. A., Larsen, R. J., & Griffin, S. (1985). The satisfaction with life scale. Journal of Personality Assessment, 49(1), 71-75. doi:10.1207/s15327752jpa4901_13 
  25. Doh, H. (2012). The first parenting book. Seoul: Knowledge Channel. 
  26. Eisenberg, M. E., Olson, R. E., Neumark-Sztainer, D., Story, M., & Bearinger, L. H. (2004). Correlations between family meals and psychosocial well-being among adolescents. Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, 158(8), 792-798. doi:10.1001/archpedi.158.8.792. 
  27. Harter, S. (1982). The perceived competence scale for children. Child Development, 53(1), 87-97. doi:10.2307/1129640 
  28. Hong, S. (2000). The criteria for selecting appropriate fit indices in Structural Equation Modeling and their rationales. The Korean Journal of Clinical Psychology, 19(1), 161-177. 
  29. Hong, S. (2008). Effects of social competence on children's selfconcept and subjective well-being. The Journal of Child Education, 17(2), 311-321. 
  30. Jeon, G. Y., & Lim, J. Y. (2002). The effect of attachment styles and social support on the elderly's subjective well-being. Journal of the Korea Gerontological Society, 22(3), 173-191. 
  31. Jhon, Y., & Yoo, M. (2014). The mediating effect of child's playfulness in the relationship between maternal attachment and a child's school adjustment. The Journal of Korea Open Association for Early Childhood Education, 19(1), 187-202. 
  32. Jo, G., & Cho, J. (2004). Psychological well-being of employed and nonemployed married women: Gender-role attitude, life event stress, and marital satisfaction as a moderator. Korean Journal of Woman Psychology, 9(3), 27-41. 
  33. Joo, J. Y., & Park, S. Y. (2013). The effects of mother's optimism, parenting behaviors and their child's optimism and the effects on a child subjective well-being. Korean Journal of Child Studies, 34(3), 21-38. doi:dx.org/10.5723/KJCS.2013.34.3.21 
  34. Jung, H. S. & Park, S. Y. (2010). The effects of family climate, peer support and self-esteem on children's self-regulation. Korean Journal of Child Studies, 31(1), 19-33. 
  35. Kang, S., & Chang, S. (2013). The mediating effect of character strengths in the relationship between social supports and subjective well-being: Focused on community child centers. Korean Journal of Counseling, 14(4), 2395-2416. 
  36. Karademas, E., Peppa, N., Fotiou, A., & Kokkevi, A. (2008). Family, school and health in children and adolescents. Journal of Health Psycholog y, 13(8), 1012-1020. doi:10.1177/1359105308097965 
  37. Kim, C., Han, E., & Cho, M. (2013). A structural analysis of parental attachment, emotional intelligence, self-efficacy, and school adjustment perceived by elementary school students. Journal of Children's Literature and Education, 14(1), 209-229. 
  38. Kim, G. S. (2011). New Amos 16.0 analysis of structural equation model. Seoul: Hannarae Publishing. 
  39. Kim, J. S., Jeon, Y. S., Lee, C. W. (2009). The influence of attachment, differentiation, and self-esteem on adolescent depression. Journal of Korean Family Therapy, 17(1), 209-224. 
  40. Kim, M., Kim, H., & Cha, K. (2001). Analyses on the construct of psychological well-being (PWB) of Korean male and female adults. Korean Journal of Social and Personality Psychology, 15(2), 19-39. 
  41. Kim, S., & Lee, S. (2014). The influences of children's mother attachment on maladjustment behavior: Mediating effects of self-esteem and the quality of peer relationship. The Journal of Play Therapy, 18(2), 33-51. 
  42. Kim, Y. H. (2005). The relationship between open communication of the parents and children's behavior problem: Self-esteem and self-control as a mediating variable (Unpublished master's thesis). Sookmyung Women's University, Seoul, Korea. 
  43. Ko, Y. (2008). The relationship among father, mother, peer attachment and subjective well-being in middle school students. The Journal of Yeolin Education, 16(2), 111-131. 
  44. Koo, K., & Kim, S. (2014). Effects of family strength on subjective well-being perceived by elementary students: Mediating effect of self-differentiation and moderating effect of gender difference. Korean Journal of Youth Studies, 21(6), 281-307. 
  45. Kwon, J. E. (2011). The study on family leisure activities, satisfaction and constraints of childhood family (Unpublished master's thesis). Ulsan University, Ulsan, Korea. 
  46. Lee, H., & Moon, S. (2012). A structural analysis of school-aged children's well-being and its related variables. Journal of Korean Home Management Association, 30(3), 45-57. doi:10.7466/JKHMA.2012.30.3.045 
  47. Lee, H. J., Lee, M., & Choe, I. (2008). Validation of a well-being scale of adolescent in Korea. Korean Journal of Educational Psychology, 22(1), 301-315. 
  48. Lee, J. (2012). The effect of family leisure activities and leisure function on adolescent psychological well-being. Korean Journal of Counseling and Psychotherapy, 3(2), 21-34. 
  49. Lee, J., & Lee, Y. (2007). The effects of perceived parental conflict, maternal behavior, and social support on children's subjective well-being: A structural equation modeling analysis. Korean Journal of Developmental Psychology, 20(4), 33-58. 
  50. Lee, S. & Choi, J. M. (2003). Influences of maternal child rearing behaviors and peer acceptance on children’s self esteem. Family and Environment Research, 41(2), 31-42. 
  51. Lee, S., Doh, H., Choi, M., & Ku, S. (2010). Exploring pathways from mothers’ beliefs to children’s subjective well-being: The mediating effects of children’s private after-school education and stress levels. Korean Journal of Child Studies, 31(3), 255-272. 
  52. Lee, S., & Lee, K. (1998). A study on the time shared with parents and children. Journal of Korean Home Management Association, 16(2), 123-136. 
  53. Lim, E. J. (2012). The effects of family functioning, ego-resilience, and peer relationship on children's subjective well-being (Unpublished master's thesis). Ewha Womans University, Seoul, Korea. 
  54. Mccullough, G., Huebner, E. S., & Laughlin, J. E. (2000). Life events, self-concept and adolescents' positive subjective well-being. Journal of Psycholog y in the Schools, 37(3), 281-290. doi:10.1002/(SICI)1520-6807(200005)37:3<281::AID-PITS8>3.0.CO;2-2 
  55. Min, H. (2008). The relationship between parent's conflict, paternal/maternal grandmother's psychological support and school-aged children's well-being. Journal of Korean Home Management Association, 26(2), 33-41. 
  56. Montemayor, R., & Eisen, M. (1977). The development of selfconceptions from childhood to adolescence. Developmental Psychology, 13(4), 314-319. 
  57. Noh, J., & Shin, N. (2014). The moderating effect of optimistic thinking on the relationship between sixth-grade elementary school children's daily hassles and subjective well-being. Korean Journal of Child Studies, 35(3), 137-156. doi:10.5723/KJCS.2014.35.3.137 
  58. Offer, S. (2013). Family time activities and adolescents' emotional well-being. Journal of Marriage and Family, 75(1), 26-41. doi:10.1111/j.1741-3737.2012.01025.x 
  59. Ok, J. (1998). The relationship between attachment security and depression in adolescence: Focusing on the mediating effect of perceived competence (Unpublished master's thesis). Ewha Womans University, Seoul, Korea. 
  60. Park, E., & Choi, S. (2014). The study on a validation of wellbeing manifestation measure scale in Korea. Korean Journal of Youth Studies, 21(8), 495-511. 
  61. Park, H. C., Kim, S. B., & Hong, D. A. G. (2011). The effects of family functions and social supports on happiness: Children’s perspectives. Journal of Family Relations, 16(3), 167-193. 
  62. Park, H. K., & Kwon, K. I. (2012). The effect attachment and separation-individuation on the elementary students' internet addiction: Meditated by self-esteem. Korean Journal of Youth Studies, 19(12), 301-329. 
  63. Park, J. (2009). The relationship between elementary students' sense of happiness and their attachment to their parents and social support (Unpublished master's thesis). Suncheon National University of Education, Suncheon, Korea. 
  64. Park, K. L., & Kim, K. Y. (2001). Effects of mother’s support and peer acceptance on children’s self-esteem: The moderating effects of a best friend’s support. Korean Journal of Child Studies, 22(4), 85-97. 
  65. Parker, J. S., & Benson, M. J. (2004). Parent-adolescent relations and adolescent functioning: Self-esteem, substance abuse, and delinquency. Adolescence, 39(155), 519-530. 
  66. Roh, Y. (2005). A analysis on the relationship between psychological family environment perceived by children and self-esteem & school adjustment (Unpublished master's thesis). Jeonju National University of Education, Jeonju, Korea. 
  67. Roh, Y., & Kim, H. (2012). The mediating effect of optimism on the relationship between parents attachment and subjective well-being in upper grade elementary school students. Korean Journal of Counseling, 13(6), 2625-2640. 
  68. Rosenberg, M. (1965). Society and the adolescent self image. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press. 
  69. Ryff, C. D. (1989). Happiness is everything, or is it? Explorations on the meaning of psychological well-being. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 57(6), 1069-1081. 
  70. Seong, D. G., & Kim, C. K. (2015). The effects of parental attachment, peer attachment, and teacher attachment on children's happiness in elementary school students in higher grades: With a focusing on the mediating effect of selfregulation abilities. Korean Journal of Child Studies, 36(4), 129-142. doi:dx.doi.org/10.5723/KJCS.2015.36.4.129http://dx.doi.org/10.5723/KJCS.2015.36.4.129cts of parental attachment, peer attachment, and teacher attachment on children's happiness in elementary school students in higher grades: With a focusing on the mediating effect of selfregulation abilities. Korean Journal of Child Studies, 36(4), 129-142. doi:dx.doi.org/10.5723/KJCS.2015.36.4.129
  71. Shin, D. C., & Johnson, D. M. (1978). Avowed happiness as an overall assessment of the quality of life. Social Indicators Research, 5(1), 475-492. doi:10.1007/BF00352944 
  72. Shin, H. (2010). Impact of children's attachment and ego resilience on subjective wellbeing (Unpublished master's thesis). Chungnam National University, Daejeon, Korea. 
  73. Sihn, M., Jeon, S. H., & Yoo, M. S. (2012). Analysis of the structural relationship between social relationships, self esteem, life satisfaction, and school adjustment in early adolescents. Korean Journal of Child Studies, 33(1), 81-92. 
  74. Sung, S. J., & Kwon, S. (2010). Effect of eating with family or alone on the self-rated mental or physical health: The elementary school children in Daejeon area. Korean Journal of Community Nutrition, 15(2), 206-226. 
  75. Watson, D., & Clark, L. A. (1984). Negative affectivity: The disposition to experience aversive emotional states. Psychological Bulletin, 96(3), 465-490. 
  76. Wi, J. H. (2012). An analysis of structural relations among children's perceived family strength, self-resilience, social support, stresscoping behavior, and psychological well-being (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). Dong-A University, Busan, Korea. 
  77. Williams, S. K., & Kelly, F. D. (2005). Relationships among involvement, attachment, and behavioral problems in adolescence: Examining father's influence. The Journal of Early Adolescence, 25(2), 168-196. doi: 10.1177/0272431604274178 
  78. Yoo, S., Park, B., & Doh, H. (2015). Pathways from peer relationships to subjective well-being through self-esteem in late childhood. Korean Journal of Child Studies, 36(2), 55-74. doi:dx.doi.org/10.5723/KJCS.2015.36.2.55http://dx.doi.org/10.5723/KJCS.2015.36.2.55ays from peer relationships to subjective well-being through self-esteem in late childhood. Korean Journal of Child Studies, 36(2), 55-74. doi:dx.doi.org/10.5723/KJCS.2015.36.2.55
  79. Youm, Y. S., Kim, K. M., Lee, E. J., & Lee, S. W. (2015). Korean children's and adolescents' happiness index: An international comparative study. Retrieved from http://www.korsofa.org/bbs/board.php?bo_table=data&wr_id=73 

문의하기 

궁금한 사항이나 기타 의견이 있으시면 남겨주세요.

Q&A 등록

원문보기

원문 PDF 다운로드

  • ScienceON :

원문 URL 링크

원문 PDF 파일 및 링크정보가 존재하지 않을 경우 KISTI DDS 시스템에서 제공하는 원문복사서비스를 사용할 수 있습니다. (원문복사서비스 안내 바로 가기)

이 논문 조회수 및 차트

  • 상단의 제목을 클릭 시 조회수 및 차트가 조회됩니다.

DOI 인용 스타일

"" 핵심어 질의응답