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논문 상세정보

Bacillus spp. 엽면살포에 의한 가로수 및 고추의 병 방제

Disease Management in Road Trees and Pepper Plants by Foliar Application of Bacillus spp.

초록

식물생장촉진세균은 식물의 생장과 수확량을 촉진하고, 식물병에 대한 유도저항성을 유도하는 것으로 보고되었다. 본 논문에서 연구의 목적은 가로수와 고추의 엽면에 엽권정착 식물생장촉진세균을 처리하여, 식물생장촉진세균의 적용 범위를 확장하였다. 수목의 엽권에서 내생포자 형성 세균 1,056개 균주를 분리하여, protease, chitinase, lipase를 포함한 효소활성과 진균병인 C. graminicola와 B. cinerea에 대한 길항작용을 측정하였다. 1차 선발된 bacilli 14개 균주를 고추의 잎에 살포하여 엽권정착능을 시험하였다. 5B6, 8D4, 8G12 단독처리와 그 혼합처리군을 고추 엽면에 살포하여 생장촉진, 수확량증진, 병방제 효과를 고추 포장에서 관찰하였다. 대량배양을 통하여 선발된 균주를 대한민국 대전광역시 유성구 일대의 가로수에 살포하였을 때, 대조군과 비교하여 엽록소함량과 잎 두께가 증가하였다. 선발된 3개 균주를 수목에 엽면살포했을 때, 벚나무 진균성갈색무늬구멍병을 저해하였고 은행나무의 낙엽생성을 촉진하였다. 종합적으로 본 연구는 엽권정착세균의 엽면살포를 통하여 가로수와 고추의 생장을 촉진시키고, 식물병을 방제하는 엽권정착세균의 적용 가능성을 제시한다.

Abstract

Out of plant-associated bacteria, certain plant growth-promoting bacteria (PGPB) have been reported to increase plant growth and productivity and to elicit induced resistance against plant pathogens. In this study, our objective was to broaden the range of applications of leaf-colonizing PGPB for foliar parts of road tress and pepper. Total 1,056 isolates of endospore-forming bacteria from tree phylloplanes were collected and evaluated for the enzymatic activities including protease, lipase, and chitinase and antifungal capacities against two fungal pathogens, Colletotrichum graminicola and Botrytis cinerea. Fourteen isolates classified as members of the bacilli group displayed the capacity to colonize pepper leaves after spraying inoculation. Three strains, 5B6, 8D4, and 8G12, and the mixtures were employed to evaluate growth promotion, yield increase and defence responses under field condition. Additionally, foliar application of bacterial preparation was applied to the road tress in Yuseong, Daejeon, South Korea, resulted in increase of chlorophyll contents and leaf thickness, compared with non-treated control. The foliar application of microbial preparation reduced brown shot-hole disease of Prunus serrulata L. and advanced leaf abscission in Ginkgo biloba L. Collectively, our results suggest that leaf-colonizing bacteria provide potential microbial agents to increase the performance of woody plants such as tree and pepper through spray application.

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