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여고생의 체중조절, 영양지식, 식태도, 식행동에 관한 연구

A Study on Weight Control, Nutritional Knowledge, Dietary Attitudes and Eating Behaviors among High School Female Students


This study was designed to examine weight control, nutritional knowledge, dietary attitudes and eating behaviors of 370 high school girls and to investigate if there were differences in these variables by weight control status. The weight control attempters (65.1%) had significantly higher body weight and BMI (p<0.001). The difference between desired and current body weight was -9.1 kg in the attempters, showing a significantly higher difference than the counterparts (p<0.001). The attempters also showed more interest toward weight control (p<0.001), but were less satisfied with their body size (p<0.001). Most of subjects (88.1%), especially in the attempters (96.7%) responded that they would try to control their weights in the future. The regular exerciser was 22.9% in the attempters while the percentage of the counterparts was 11.9% (p<0.05). The use of internet or television watching was not significantly different by weight control status. Subjects scored 15.8 out of 20 on a nutritional knowledge scale, which showed a moderate level of knowledge. The nutritional knowledge score was 15.7 for the attempters and 15.8 for the counterparts. None of the nutritional knowledge items reached statistical significance, although the percentages of correct answers regarding weight control or balanced meals were slightly lower in the attempters. The attempters showed more favorable eating attitudes than the counterparts (p<0.001), especially in the attitudes of applying nutritional knowledge to daily life (p<0.01), attitudes for modifying diets (p<0.01) and importance of having adequate meals (p<0.01). The eating behavior was moderate, with mean scores of 31.1 (possible score: 15 - 45). Subjects showed problems in eating a variety of foods, eating meals regularly, eating slowly, eating breakfast and consumption of some food groups (e.g., dairy foods, fruits). The attempters consumed seaweeds more frequently than the counterparts (p<0.05). Although there were not many significant differences by weight control status, this study suggested that nutrition education for adolescent girls should be planned to provide nutrition information regarding desirable weight control as well as modifying diets and eating behaviors.

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이 논문을 인용한 문헌 (9)

  1. Park, Young-Sook ; Kwon, Min-Kyung 2007. "A Study on the Nutritional Status and Eating Behaviors of Underweight Adolescent Females, Aged 15 to 19 years, using Data from 2001 NHANS of Korea" 대한가정학회지 = Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association, 45(10): 1~11 
  2. Ahn, Yun ; Ko, Seo-Yeon ; Kim, Kyung-Won 2009. "Evaluation of a Nutrition Education Program for Elementary School Children" 대한지역사회영양학회지 = Korean journal of community nutrition, 14(3): 266~276 
  3. Yun, Young-Ran ; Yang, Eun-Ju 2010. "Effects of Nutritional Education Program through Discretional Activities in Middle School Students" 韓國營養學會誌 = The Korean journal of nutrition., 43(5): 489~499 
  4. Chung, Hye-Kyung ; Lee, Hae-Young 2010. "The Concepts of Weight Control and Dietary Behavior in High School Seniors" 韓國營養學會誌 = The Korean journal of nutrition., 43(6): 607~619 
  5. Chung, Eun-Jung ; Jeon, Jin-Soon ; Ahn, Hong-Seok 2010. "Reading and Understanding of Food & Nutrition Labels and Dietary Behaviors of Female Middle and High School Students" 대한영양사협회 학술지 = Journal of the Korean dietetic association, 16(3): 239~254 
  6. Lee, Eon-Kyoung ; Choi, Young-Sun ; Bae, Bok-Seon 2011. "Effect of School Lunch Menu Intervention through Calcium Enriched Menus on Nutrient Intakes of High School Girls" 대한지역사회영양학회지 = Korean journal of community nutrition, 16(2): 265~277 
  7. 2014. "" Nutrition research and practice, 8(2): 205~212 
  8. Ko, Min-Jeong ; Bae, Yun-Jung ; Kim, Hyun-Jin ; Choi, Mi-Kyeong 2015. "Energy Intake according to Expected Body Mass Index of Middle School Students in Seoul" 東아시아食生活學會誌 = Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life, 25(1): 30~38 
  9. Lim, Young-Suk ; Park, Na-Ri ; Jeon, Su-Bin ; Jeong, So-Yeon ; Tserendejid, Zuunnast ; Park, Hae-Ryun 2015. "Analysis of Weight Control Behaviors by Body Image Perception among Korean Women in Different Age Groups: Using the 2010 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey Data" 대한지역사회영양학회지 = Korean journal of community nutrition, 20(2): 141~150 

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