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논문 상세정보

수확시기별 제주재래종 감귤착즙액의 Flavonoids 분포 및 항산화 활성

Composition of Flavonoids and Antioxidative Activity from Juice of Jeju Native Citrus Fruits during Maturation

초록

제주재래종 감귤류 14종의 착즙액에 대해서 수확시기별 flavonoids 13종의 함량변화를 분석하고 항산화성을 검토하고자 하였다. 감귤착즙액의 flavonoids 함량은 수확시기가 늦어질 수록 큰 폭으로 감소하다가 4${\sim}$5차 채취기 이후 서서히 증가하는 경향을 보였다. Quercatagetin, narirutin, hesperidin, neohesperidin은 각각 지각 573.73 mg/100 mL, 사두감 393.99 mg/100 mL, 소유자 29.63 mg/100 mL, 지각 201. 23 mg/100mL으로 미숙과인 8월 하순에 가장 높았다. Polymethoxyflavone류 중 nobiletin, sinensetin, tangeretin은 홍귤에서 8월 하순에 각각 7.39 mg/100 mL, 2.24 mg/100 mL, 0.63 mg/100 mL으로 가장높았고, 다음으로 진귤이 많이 함유되어 있었다. 3,5,6,7,8,3',4'-Heptamethoxyflavone은 편귤에서 0.27 mg/100mL으로 가장 높았고, 3',4',7,8-tetramethoxyflavone, 3',4'-dimethoxyflavone, 4'-methoxyflavone, 5,6,7,3',4',5'-hexamethoxyflavone, scutellarein tetramethylether는 모든 품종에서 ND${\sim}$0.08 mg/100mL로 함량이 낮았다. 총 폴리페놀 함량은 대부분의 시료가 미숙과인 8월 하순에 가장 높았다가 11월까지 감소하다가 12월 하순부터 증가하는 경향을 보였다. 감귤착즙액의 전자공여능은 대체적으로 높은 것으로 나타났으나 flavonoids와 총폴리페놀 함량과의 상관관계는 높지 않은 경향을 보였고 당유자가 가장 높은 항산화활성을 나타내었다. 재래 감귤류 중 지각, 당유지는 quercetagetin이 다른 감귤류에 비해 월등히 높았고, polymethoxyflavone류인 nobiletin과 tangeretin은 미숙과인 홍귤과 진귤에서 함량이 높아 소재 개발로서 경쟁력이 있을 것으로 사료된다.

Abstract

This study aims to evaluate the changes of flavonoid contents and antioxidants activity of Jeju native citrus fruits juice according to the harvest date. Flavonoids such as quercatagetin, narirutin, hesperidin and neohesperidin were contained most plentifully in the juice of Jigak (Citrus aur-antium) by 573.73 mg/100 mL, Sadoogam (C. pseudogulgul) by 393.99 mg /100 mL, Soyooja by 29.63 mg/100 mL and Jigak (C. aurantium) by 201.23 mg/100 mL in the late August, respectively. The highest contents of nob-iletin, sinensetin and tangeretin among polymethoxyflavones were found in the juice of Hongkyool (C. tachibana) by 7.39 mg/100 mL, 2.24 mg/100 mL, 0.63 mg/100 mL in the late August, respectively. 3,5,6,7,8,3',4'- Heptamet- hoxyflavone recorded the highest amount in Punkyool (C. tangerina) by 0.27 mg/100 mL in the late August, but the other polymethoxyflavones including 3',4',7,8-tetramethoxyflavone, 3',4'-dimethoxyflavone, 4'-methoxyflavone, 5,6,7,3',4',5'-hexamethoxyflavone, scutellarein tetramethylether were observed only trace amount in all the citrus fruits. Flavonoid contents in the citrus fruit juices were the highest during early maturation and decreased rapidly while ripening. Total polyphenol contents were the highest in the late August and decreased with ripening. However from the late December, the contents were increased again. Antioxidant activities of the fruits were evaluated as electron donating ability and were the lowest in the late September and increased with the fruit ripening. These results suggest that quercetagetin among all the flavonoids was most plentiful in Jigak and Dangyooja (C. grandis), so that the fruits could be used for industrial material of flavonoids and antioxidant agents.

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이 논문을 인용한 문헌 (9)

  1. Yang, Hee-Jong ; Jeong, Seong-Yeop ; Choi, Nack-Shick ; Ahn, Keug-Hyun ; Park, Chan-Sun ; Yoon, Byoung-Dae ; Ryu, Yeon-Woo ; Ahn, Soon-Cheol ; Kim, Min-Soo 2010. "Optimization of Production Yield for Neohesperidin by Response Surface Methodology" 생명과학회지 = Journal of life science, 20(11): 1691~1696 
  2. Jeong, Ji-Eun ; Shim, Sang-Phil ; Jeong, Yoo-Seok ; Jung, Hee-Kyoung ; Kim, Young-Chan ; Hong, Joo-Heon 2011. "Optimization of Extraction Conditions for Ethanol Extracts from Citrus unshiu Peel by Response Surface Methodology" 한국식품저장유통학회지 = Korean journal of food preservation, 18(5): 755~763 
  3. Yang, Jiwon ; Choi, Il Sook ; Lee, Jeong Hee ; Cho, Chang-Won ; Kim, Sung Soo 2012. "Change of Physicochemical Properties and Hesperidin Contents of Jeju Processing Citrus Fruits with the Harvest Date" 한국식품저장유통학회지 = Korean journal of food preservation, 19(5): 652~658 
  4. Hwang, Joon-Ho ; Park, Kyeong-Yeol ; Oh, You-Sung ; Lim, Sang-Bin 2013. "Phenolic Compound Content and Antioxidant Activity of Citrus Peels" 한국식품영양과학회지 = Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, 42(2): 153~160 
  5. 2013. "" Biomolecules & therapeutics, 21(2): 138~145 
  6. Park, Miji ; Kim, Gun-Hee 2013. "The Antioxidative and Antibrowning Effects of Citrus Peel Extracts on Fresh-cut Apples" 한국식품과학회지 = Korean journal of food science and technology, 45(5): 598~604 
  7. An, Hyun Joo ; Park, Kyung Jin ; Kim, Sang Suk ; Hyun, Ju Mi ; Park, Jae Ho ; Park, Suk Man ; Yun, Su Hyun 2014. "Antioxidative Activities of New Citrus Hybrid 'Hamilgam' Peel Extracts" 韓國藥用作物學會誌 = Korean journal of medicinal crop science, 22(6): 442~448 
  8. Lee, Sun Yi ; Hyun, Ju Mi ; Kim, Sang Suk ; Park, Suk Man ; Park, Kyung Jin ; Choi, Young Hun ; Kim, Sang Hun ; Yu, Sun Nyoung ; Ahn, Soon Cheol 2014. "Anti-inflammatory Effect of Citrus unshiu Peels Fermented with Aspergillus niger" 생명과학회지 = Journal of life science, 24(7): 750~756 
  9. Lee, Ji Eun ; Kim, Ji Hye ; Kim, Min Young 2015. "Changes in Phenolic Composition, Antioxidant and Antidiabetic Properties of Jeju Citrus sudachi as Influenced by Maturity" 생명과학회지 = Journal of life science, 25(11): 1311~1318 

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