목적: 본 연구는 대학생을 대상으로 영적안녕, 죽음에 대한 태도 및 호스피스에 대한 인식 정도와 그 관계를 규명하기 위한 것이다. 방법: 대상자는 B 광역시에 소재한 3개 종합대학교에 재학 중인 간호학과를 제외한 대학생 143명이었고, 자료수집 기간은 2014년 9월 1일부터 동년 9월 0일까지였다. 결과: 대학생의 영적안녕 정도는 평균 2.63(척도범위 1~4)으로 중간 정도였고, 죽음에 대한 태도는 2.74(척도범위 1~4)로 중간보다 약간 높은 것으로 나타나 약간 긍정적인 것을 알 수 있었다. 대학생의 호스피스의 인식 정도는 일반적 인식에서 '알고 있다'라고 대답한 학생이 54.5%로 절반수준이었고, 호스피스 관련 교육을 '받은 적 없다'가 93.0%으로 대부분을 차지하였으며, '호스피스를 알고 있다'고 응답한 경우 호스피스를 듣게 된 경로는 '종교기관'이 30명(38.5%)으로 가장 많았다. 호스피스의 목적에 대한 인식 정도는 3.90(척도범위 1~5)로 비교적 높았고, 호스피스의 필요성에 대한 인식 정도는 3.48(척도범위 1~5)로 중간보다 높은 것으로 나타났다. 대학생의 일반적 특성에 따른 호스피스의 목적에 대한 인식 정도는 호스피스인지, 추후 호스피스 수강 의향, 추후 호스피스 자원봉사 의향에 따라 유의한 차이가 있었고, 대학생의 일반적 특성에 따른 호스피스의 필요성에 대한 인식 정도는 부모 생존 여부, 학교생활 만족도, 부모와의 관계, 호스피스 인지, 호스피스 관련교육 수강 유무, 추후 호스피스 수강 의향, 추후 호스피스 자원봉사 의향에 따라 유의한 차이가 있었다. 대학생의 영적안녕과 죽음에 대한 태도(r=0.175, P=0.037), 영적안녕과 호스피스에 대한 인식(r=0.203, P=0.015)은 각각 양의 상관관계였고, 죽음에 대한 태도와 호스피스 인식은 상관관계가 없었다. 결론: 일반대학생의 죽음에 대한 태도와 호스피스에 대한 인식을 증진시키기 위한 죽음 및 호스피스 교육프로그램 개발을 제안한다.
Purpose: The purpose of this study is to provide baseline data for the development of an educational program for hospice care for college students. Methods: A survey was conducted at three universities in B city with 143 students from September 5, 2014 through September 26, 2014. The data were analyzed by the SPSS 18 program. This study was approved by IRB. Results: The college students' spiritual well-being was at a medium level. Their attitudes to death were neutral, and perception of hospice care was at a medium level. Most of the participants (93.0%) had no training in hospice care. The participants' awareness of the purpose of hospice care was at a relatively high level. Their awareness of the need for hospice care was at a moderate level. The participants' spiritual well-being and their attitudes to death showed a weak but positive correlation (r=0.179, P=0.030). The relationship between their spiritual well-being and awareness of hospice care were positively correlated (r=0.203, P=0.015). Conclusion: The participants' perception of hospice care was low. Most of them had no experience of hospice care education. Also, the higher the spiritual stability was, the higher the participants' perception of the purpose and the necessity of hospice care was. And their perception of the hospice care varied depending on their family relationship, satisfaction with school life, and cognition of hospice care. Therefore, we need consider these variables to develop a hospice education program to enhance college students' attitudes to death and their perception of hospice care.
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