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청소년 고카페인 음료 섭취빈도와 정신건강의 관련성 연구

Study on Relevance of High-Caffeine Drink Intake Frequency to Mental Health of Adolescents

Abstract

This study was conducted to investigate the correlation between frequency of high-caffeine energy drink intake in adolescents and their mental health status using data from the Korean adolescent health behaviors online survey (2014-15). Mental health was classified by the five categories: Perception of stress (PS), Insufficient relief of fatigue after sleep (IRFS), Experience of sadness despair (SD), Suicidal ideation (SI), and Subjective unhappiness (SU). Regarding general characteristics, higher age, height, and body weight of subjects were associated with higher frequency of high-caffeine energy drink (HCED) intake (p< .0001). In the OR analysis, when the lowest group (${\leq}2/wk$) and highest group ($1{\geq}day$) were compared, the highest group showed significantly higher OR in all five categories of mental health. According to gender, males did not show better PS, SD, and SI than females who had a high frequency of HCED (p for trend<.0001). According to school level, middle school students showed a higher risk rate than high school students in PS, IRFS, and SD (p for trend< .0001). Based on the above results, higher frequency of HCED intake among adolescents was associated with more adverse effects on mental health.

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핵심어 질문 논문에서 추출한 답변
지나친 카페인 섭취
청소년들이 지나친 카페인 섭취를 하게 될 때 문제점은?
특히 청소년들은 약물 등 화학적 물질에 대한 내성이 거의 없는 상태로 과량의 카페인을 섭취할 경우 카페인 중독이 일어나기 쉽다(Reissig et al. 2009). 더불어 청소년이 고카페인 음료를 지속적으로 복용할 경우 칼슘 및 칼륨의 손실로 인해 성장이 저해되는 요인이 된다

2014). 특히 청소년들은 약물 등 화학적 물질에 대한 내성이 거의 없는 상태로 과량의 카페인을 섭취할 경우 카페인 중독이 일어나기 쉽다(Reissig et al. 2009). 더불어 청소년이 고카페인 음료를 지속적으로 복용할 경우 칼슘 및 칼륨의 손실로 인해 성장이 저해되는 요인이 된다(Chang & Chung 2010).

카페인
카페인은 어디서 추출되며 효과는?
커피콩, 과라나, 마테나무 등의 식물에서 추출되는 성분으로, 당과 결합하여 인지적 수행 능력을 개선하고 주관적 피로도를 완화시키는 효과가 있는 것으로 보고되었다

카페인은 커피콩, 과라나, 마테나무 등의 식물에서 추출되는 성분으로, 당과 결합하여 인지적 수행 능력을 개선하고 주관적 피로도를 완화시키는 효과가 있는 것으로 보고되었다(Frary et al. 2005; Attila & Çakir 2011).

카페인
지나친 카페인 섭취시 문제점은?
지나친 카페인 섭취는 수면장애, 불안장애,부정맥, 두통 유발, 우울증, 자극 추구 성향 증가 등의 부작용을 일으킨다

, 2013). 반면, 지나친 카페인 섭취는 수면장애, 불안장애,부정맥, 두통 유발, 우울증, 자극 추구 성향 증가 등의 부작용을 일으킨다(Arria & O’Brien 2011; Seifert et al. 2011; Azagba et al.

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참고문헌 (35)

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