Purpose: This study aimed to examine the effects of hemodialysis patients' uncertainty and resilience and the communication styles of nurses on the self-care of the patients and to improve their quality of life. Methods: The study was conducted from June 13 to July 12, 2019, with patients receiving hemodialysis more than three times a week at five medical institutions located in G metropolitan city. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, independent t-test, one-way analysis of variance, Pearson's correlation coefficients, and multiple regression using the SPSS/WIN 25.0 program. Results: The factors influencing self-care were resilience (β=.43, p<.001) and marital status (β=.27, p=.001), which explained 30.8% of the variance. Conclusion: The resilience of hemodialysis patients was confirmed to be the main variable influencing self-care. Therefore, to improve the self-care of hemodialysis patients, it is considered that the development of interventions and programs to improve resilience is necessary.
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