본 연구는 간호대학생들의 연명치료중단 태도에 영향을 미치는 융합적인 요인들을 파악하기 위하여 시도하였다. 연구대상은 4년제 일개 간호대학에 재학중인 간호대학생 139명이였으며 측정 도구는 좋은 죽음에 대한 인식, 죽음 태도, 연명치료 중단 태도에 관한 문항으로 구성되었다. 좋은 죽음에 대한 인식, 죽음 태도, 연명치료중단 태도 정도는 기술통계로 분석하였고 제 변수들 간의 상관관계는 Pearson correlation coefficients, 연명치료중단 태도에 영향을 미치는 요인은 다중 선형 회귀분석(Multiple linear regression)을 적용하였다. 연명치료중단 태도는 좋은 죽음에 대한 인식정도와 유의한 정적상관성이 있는 것으로 나타났다(r=.312, p=.000). 다중회귀분석결과 좋은 죽음에 대한 인식(β=.312, p=.000)이 통계적으로 유의미한 영향을 주는 것으로 확인되어 연명치료 중단 태도의 8.5%를 설명하였다. 본 연구 결과는 간호대학생들의 연명치료 중단에 대한 긍정적인 태도 함양을 도모하기 위한 교육 프로그램 개발에 기여할 수 있을 것이다.
This study aimed to identify the integral factors influencing the attitudes of nursing students toward withdrawal of life-sustaining treatments. Methods: 139 nursing students were selected from the school of nursing of a single university. Questionnaires were used as measurement tools to measure their good death recognition, attitude towards death & towards withdrawal of life-sustaining treatment. The degree of good death recognition, attitude towards death & towards withdrawal of life-sustaining treatment were analyzed using descriptive statistics. Correlation between variables was analyzed using Pearson's correlation coefficient and factors influencing the attitude towards withdrawal of life-sustaining treatment using multiple linear regression. Results: Attitude towards withdrawal of life-sustaining treatment was significantly positively correlated with good death recognition(r=.312, p=.000). As a result of multiple linear regression, good death recognition significantly influenced (β=.312, p=.000), accounting for 8.5% of the variance in attitude towards withdrawal of life-sustaining treatment. Conclusions: The results from this study can be contribute to develop educational programs to foster positive attitudes towards withdrawal of life-sustaining treatment.
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