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골관절염이 동반된 고혈압 노인의 건강관련 삶의 질 영향 요인

Factor Influencing Health-Related Quality of Life in Korean Hypertensive Seniors with Osteoarthritis

초록

본 연구의 목적은 제 7기 국민건강영양조사 2018년 자료를 이용하여 65세 이상 고혈압 노인의 골관절염 동반에 따른 삶의 질 정도와 영향 요인을 확인하기 위함이다. 대상자는 전국 단위 표본에서 추출된 65세 이상 노인 843명이었다. SPSS WIN 26.0 프로그램을 이용하여 복합표본 Rao-Scott 카이제곱 검정, t-검정, 다중회귀분석으로 분석하였다. 분석 결과 고혈압군에 비해 골관절염 동반 고혈압군 삶의 질이 유의하게 낮았다(t=5.07, p<.001). 고혈압군의 삶의 질 저하에 영향을 미치는 요인은 연령, 주관적 건강상태, 활동제한이었으며 설명력은 46.1%였다(F=12.33, p<.001). 골관절염 동반 고혈압군은 성별, 배우자 동거상태, 경제활동, 주관적 건강상태, 활동제한, 체질량지수, 수면시간, 스트레스 인지, 우울이었으며 설명력은 44.6%였다(F=99.82, p<.001). 연구 결과에 따라 향후 고혈압 노인의 삶의 질 향상을 위하여 건강상태의 긍정적 수용 및 활동제한 최소화를 위한 중재프로그램이 요구된다. 골관절염 동반 고혈압 노인에게는 추가적으로 체질량지수 관리를 위한 운동 및 영양교육과 정신건강을 강화할 수 있는 다학제 참여 프로그램 개발과 중재가 필요하다.

Abstract

This study was undertaken to determine the degree of quality of life, and factors influencing osteoarthritis in hypertensive elderly 65 years or older patients, using data from the 7th National Health and Nutrition Survey 2018. Totally, 843 subjects were included from a national sample. The SPSS WIN 26.0 program was used to analyze complex samples by applying the Rao-Scott chi-square test, t-test, and multiple regression analysis. Results indicate that quality of life of the hypertensive group with osteoarthritis is significantly lower than the group with only hypertension (t=5.07, p<0.001). Factors affecting the decrease in quality of life of the hypertensive group were age, subjective health status, and activity restrictions, and the explanatory power was 46.1% (F=12.33, p<0.001). In the hypertensive group with osteoarthritis, the effective factors included gender, cohabitation status, economic activity, subjective health status, activity restriction, body mass index, sleep time, stress perception, and depression, and the explanatory power was 44.6% (F=99.82, p<0.001). Subsequent studies showed that in order to improve the quality of life of hypertensive seniors, intervention programs are required to actively accommodate health conditions and minimize activity restrictions. In addition, for the elderly with osteoarthritis and hypertension, it is necessary to include exercise and nutrition education for body mass index management, and the development and intervention of multidisciplinary participation programs to strengthen mental health.

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