본 연구는 간호대학생의 의사소통능력과 자기성찰이 정신질환태도에 미치는 영향을 파악하기 위한 서술적 조사 연구이다. 본 연구결과에서 간호대학생의 의사소통능력, 자기성찰 및 정신질환태도는 유의한 정적인 상관관계를 보여 의사소통능력과 자기성찰 수준이 높을수록 정신질환에 대한 긍정적인 태도를 가지고 있는 것으로 나타났다. 의사소통능력과 자기성찰은 정신질환태도에 영향을 주는 주요요인이며 이에 대한 설명력은 49%였다. 본 연구 결과에 따라 간호대학생의 긍정적인 정신질환에 대한 태도를 강화하기 위해서는 간호학과 교육과정 안에서 의사소통능력과 자기성찰 수준을 향상시키는 교육을 지속하며 정신질환에 대한 태도를 향상시키기 위한 연계 교육 프로그램의 개발이 요구된다.
The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of nursing students' abilities of communication and self-reflection on their attitudes toward mental illness. Data were collected from September to October in 2020. In total, 180 questionnaires were collected, and 170 questionnaires among them were used for analysis, excluding 10 with poor responses. As a result, nursing students' communication ability, self-reflection, and attitude toward mental illness showed a significant positive correlation. Nursing students' communication ability and self-reflection were major factors influencing their attitudes toward mental illness, which explained 49% of the total variance. Continuous education to improve students' communication ability and self-reflection level within the nursing department's curriculum will be needed to pursue nursing students' positive attitude toward mental illness. Also, additional education program to improve students' attitudes toward mental illness will be required.
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