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비말감염 예방을 위한 대학생의 기침예절 지식과 이행 수준

University Students' Cough Etiquette Knowledge and Practice to Protect Droplet Infection

Abstract

Purpose: This survey aimed to identify cough etiquette knowledge and practice level among university students. Methods: 190 study subject were recruited from a university located in C city of Korea and data were collected utilizing self-reported questionnaires to evaluate cough etiquette knowledge and practice levels. Results: The score of cough etiquette knowledge was 7.38 out of 12 and the correct answer rate was 61.5%. The respondents showed the highest right answer rate (85.3%) on 'cover with a paper tissue or a handkerchief while coughing' and lowest (20.7%) on 'cover with hand while coughing'. Practice level score was 27.28 out of 48. Among those items of practice, 'wearing a mask while coughing' was the lowest (1.40/48) level of practice. And the correlation between knowledge and practice was not significant. Conclusion: Cough etiquette knowledge and practice level was revealed to be rather low among university students. Education and social marketing are needed to be developed to encourage the practice level of cough etiquette followed by better droplet infection control and health promotion.

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기침예절
기침예절의 특징은 무엇인가?
보건환경에서 감염을 통제하기 위한 중요한 방법 중 하나로써 감염관리의 중요한 비약제적 중재이다

기침예절은 보건환경에서 감염을 통제하기 위한 중요한 방법 중 하나로써 감염관리의 중요한 비약제적 중재이다. 특히, 미국 질병통 제센터(Center of Disease Control, CDC)에서는 인플루엔자 대유행과 같은 상황에서 백신의 투여보다 기침예절이 감염 확산 방지를 위한 일차 방어선 역할을 한다고 보고하여 그 중요성을 더욱 강조 한바있다[1].

대학생
대학생 집단이 비말 감염 노출에 쉬운 이유는?
활동적이고 호기심이 강하여 위험한 행동, 흡연, 음주 및 불규칙한 식습관 등 건강을 위협할 수 있는 환경에 많이 노출된 집단

학생 집단 중 특히 대학생의 경우 일생 중 가장 건강한 시기이며 양호한 건강상태로 인해 자신의 건강에 대한 만족감이 다. 하지만 활동적이고 호기심이 강하여 위험한 행동, 흡연, 음주 및 불규칙한 식습관 등 건강을 위협할 수 있는 환경에 많이 노출된 집단이기도 하다[8]. 이렇듯 대학생 집단은 건강행동의 변화에 대한 의식 수준이 상대적으로 낮고 예방의학적인 측면에서 관심이 부족하다는 문제가 제기되고 있다[9].

기침예절
미국 질병통제센터에서 기침예절을 무엇이라고 강조하였는가?
인플루엔자 대유행과 같은 상황에서 백신의 투여보다 기침예절이 감염 확산 방지를 위한 일차 방어선 역할을 한다고 보고하여 그 중요성을 더욱 강조 한바있다

기침예절은 보건환경에서 감염을 통제하기 위한 중요한 방법 중 하나로써 감염관리의 중요한 비약제적 중재이다. 특히, 미국 질병통 제센터(Center of Disease Control, CDC)에서는 인플루엔자 대유행과 같은 상황에서 백신의 투여보다 기침예절이 감염 확산 방지를 위한 일차 방어선 역할을 한다고 보고하여 그 중요성을 더욱 강조 한바있다[1].

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이 논문을 인용한 문헌 (4)

  1. 1. 송민선, 양남영 2017. "지역사회 거주 노인의 기침예절에 관한 지식과 실천도" 가정간호학회지, 24(1): 52~60 
  2. 2. 김옥선, 윤성원 2018. "호흡기 감염 전파 예방을 위한 기침예절 지식과 실행수준 및 영향요인에 관한 융합 연구" 디지털융복합연구 = Journal of digital convergence, 16(10): 389~398 
  3. 3. Kwon, JuYoun, Lim, Gayoung, Kim, Seung-Hyun, Shin, Hyun-Jae, Lee, Joo-Young 2020. "Risk Awareness to COVID-19 and Wear Behavior of Protective Masks between Adults and Adolescent Living in Seoul and Gyunggi Province" 한국지역사회생활과학회지 = The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, 31(3): 335~351 
  4. 4. Jun, Mikyung, Lee, Songyi, Shim, Taeeun 2021. "First-Year College Student Life Experiences during COVID-19 in South Korea" International journal of environmental research and public health, 18(18): 9895~ 

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