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논문 상세정보

초록

본 연구는 자색 옥수수 속대의 가공식품 및 기능성 식품의 원료로서 이용 가능성을 평가하기 위하여 자색 옥수수의 속대 추출 시간을 달리하여 추출물을 제조하고 품질특성을 조사하였다. 추출 시간에 따른 자색 옥수수 속대 추출물 분석 결과, 자색 옥수수 속대를 $30^{\circ}C$에 24시간까지 추출하면서 시간의 경과에 따라 가용성 고형물 및 적색도의 증가와 명도 및 황색도의 감소가 나타났다. 그러나 추출 시간이 24시간을 경과함에 따라 품질 특성은 24시간 추출물과 유사하거나 가용성 고형물 및 적색도가 감소하였으며 명도 및 황색도가 증가하였다. 특히 항산화 활성은 추출 24시간까지 유의적으로 증가했으며 24시간 이후 유의적인 차이는 나타나지 않았다. 즉, 자색 옥수수 속대는 가용성 고형물 함량, 안토시아니딘 함량, 항산화활성이 24시간에서 유의적으로 높았기 때문에 자색 옥수수 속대의 최적 추출 시간은 24시간으로 판단되었다.

Abstract

In this study, the quality characteristics of purple corn cob extract (PCCE) by extraction time were examined. The cob of purple corn, which is mainly cultivated in the Andes region of South America, contains more anthocyanin than the corresponding purple corn seeds. The aim of this study was to determine the optimal conditions for the preparation of water extracts from purple corn cob. PCCE had a soluble solid content of $0.6^{\circ}Brix$. The Hunter lightness ($L^*$), redness ($a^*$), yellowness ($b^*$) values of the PCCE were 31.0, 38.4, and 9.0, respectively. The PCCE contained 24.64 mg/g of cyanidin, 0.35 mg/g of pelargonidin, and 17.42 mg/g peonidin, and showed greater antioxidant activity than the other extracts. Therefore, the optimal extracting conditions for preparing PCCE were a temperature of $30^{\circ}C$ and an extraction time of 24 h.

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