15% 전해수로 10분간 세척 후 증류수로 10분씩 5회 수세하여 48°C의 열풍 건조기에 UV 등을 설치하여 미생물의 변화를 확인하였다. 전해수 수세 후 생균수, 대장균군, 곰팡이수에서 모두 균이 검출되지 않았다. 하지만, 수세 후 열풍건조기를 이용하여 48°C에서 48시간 동안 열풍건조 시 미생물이 다시 검출됨을 확인하였고, 이에 열풍건조기 내에 UV 등을 설치하여, UV 조사 최적 시간을 확인하였다. 그 결과 UV 조사를 12시간 이상 처리 시 미생물이 검출되지 않는 것으로 나타났다. 15% 전해수 수세 및 열풍건조 미역의 색도 결과, 전해수 수세구는 무처리구와 비교 시 황색도에서만 유의적인 감소를 보였으며, 수세 후 열풍건조 시 명도, 적색도 및 황색도가 유의적으로 크게 증가하였다. 관능평가 결과, 색, 향, 맛 및 전체적 호감도 항목에서 무처리구와 전해수 수세구간 유의적인 차이는 없었으나 전해수 처리시 미역의 비린 맛 및 비린 향이 감소한다고 하였다. 또한 48°C, 48시간 열풍건조 동안 UV 0-48시간 조사 구간에서도 색, 향, 맛 및 전체적 호감도에서 유의적인 차이를 보이지 않았다. 결론적으로, 15% 전해수 수세 시 생미역의 미생물 증식을 효과적으로 제어할 수 있을 뿐만 아니라 미역의 비린 맛 및 비린 냄새를 줄여 관능적으로 나은 제품을 제조할 수 있었다. 전해수 수세 후 열풍건조 하는 동안 UV 조사를 12시간 실시할 경우 열풍건조기를 통한 미생물 오염을 억제할 수 있어 전해수-열풍건조-UV 병행 처리 시 미생물 제어효과가 우수한 건미역을 생산할 수 있을 것으로 사료된다.
This study was conducted to investigate the effects of electrolyzed water (EW) and hot-air-drying with ultraviolet light (UV) to reduce coliform bacteria of Undaria pinnatifida (UP). The UP was washed in the order of 15% EW, tap water (TW), and distilled water (DW) under following conditions: 15% EW for 10 min (washing: 1 time), TW for 1 min, and DW for 10 min (washing: 5 times). Viable cells, coliform, and mold counts were at 102-103 CFU/g in untreated samples. After EW treatment, viable cells, coliform, and molds were not detected in whole samples or on the surface of UP. But, after hot-air-drying at 48°C for 48 h, the number of viable cells, coliform, and molds were 101-105 CFU/g. After hot-air-drying at 48°C for 48 h with UV (12-48 h), viable cells, coliform, and molds were not detected in whole samples or on the surface of UP. In respect of color value, there were no significant changes. In sensory evaluation, the UP with hot-air-drying with UV (12 h) had the highest score in overall preference among UV treatment groups. These results suggest that the treatments at 15% EW for 10 min and hot-air-drying at 48°C for 48 h with UV (12 h) were effective to reduce coliform bacteria of the dried Undaria pinnatifida.
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