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간호대학생의 대인관계, 임상실습 스트레스 및 임상실습 만족도 간의 관계

Relation of interpersonal relationship, clinical stress and satisfaction of clinical practice in nursing students

초록

본 연구의 목적은 간호대학생의 대인관계, 임상실습 스트레스 및 임상실습 만족도를 파악하고, 제 변수의 상관관계를 조사하기 위해 시도되었다. 본 연구는 대구 경북 지역 3개 대학교 간호학과에 재학 중인 3,4학년생 261명을 대상으로 2015년 9월 7일~18까지 설문조사하였고, 기술통계, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson correlation coefficients, Stepwise multiple regression으로 분석하였다. 연구결과 대상자의 대인관계는 평균 $3.74{\pm}0.39$점, 임상실습 스트레스는 $3.21{\pm}0.54$점, 임상실습 만족도는 $3.44{\pm}0.45$점이었다. 대인관계는 연령(F=3.12, p=.046), 간호학 전공만족도(F=15.84, p<.001), 대인관계 중요성(F=4.76, p=.001), 학업성적(F=3.80, p=.011)에 따라 유의한 차이가 있었다. 임상실습 스트레스는 연령(F=8.05, p<.001), 간호학 지원동기(F=4.55, p=.001), 간호학 전공만족도(F=2.69, p=.046)에 따라 유의한 차이가 있었다. 임상실습 만족도는 간호학 전공만족도(F=3.24, p=.022), 대인관계 중요성(F=3.01, p=.019), 학업성적(F=5.24, p=.002)에 따라 유의한 차이가 있었다. 대인관계와 임상실습 만족도(r=.24, p<.001)는 유의한 순 상관관계가 있었으며, 임상실습 만족도에 영향을 미치는 요소는 대인관계(${\beta}=.21$, p<.001), 학업성적(${\beta}=.12$, p=.045)이었다. 결론적으로 간호대학생의 임상실습 만족도를 높이기 위해서 간호대학생의 대인관계능력을 향상시키기 위한 중재 방안이 필요하다.

Abstract

Purpose: In this study, the relationship between the interpersonal relationships, clinical stress and satisfaction of clinical practice among nursing was examined. Method: The participants were 261. Data collected from 7 September to 18 September 2015 were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson correlation coefficients, and stepwise multiple regression. Result: The mean scores for the interpersonal relationship ($3.74{\pm}0.39$), stress ($3.21{\pm}0.54$), and satisfaction ($3.44{\pm}0.45$) in clinical practice were above average. Interpersonal relationships differed significantly according to year (F=3.12, p=.046), satisfaction with nursing as a major (F=15.84, p<.001), important of interpersonal relationships (F=4.76, p=.001), and academic achievement (F=3.80, p=.011). Stress in clinical practice differed significantly according to the year (F=8.05, p<.001), application motivation (F=4.55, p=.001) and satisfaction with nursing as a major (F=2.69, p=.046). Satisfaction in clinical practice differed significantly according to satisfaction with nursing as a major (F=3.24, p=.022), important of interpersonal relationships (F=3.01, p=.019), and academic achievements (F=5.24, p=.002). Significant correlations were observed between the interpersonal relationships and satisfaction in clinical practice (r=.24, p<.001). Interpersonal relationship (${\beta}=.21$, p<.001), academic achievements (${\beta}=.12$, p=.045) were factors influencing satisfaction in clinical practice. Conclusion: The interpersonal relationships need to be improved to increase nursing students' satisfaction with clinical practice

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